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Use of Bayesian Modeling to Determine the Effects of Meteorological Conditions, Prescribed Burn Season, and Tree Characteristics on Litterfall of Pinus nigra and Pinus pinaster Stands

A Cointegration Analysis of the Nordic Roundwood Markets

ETS/Economics, Luleå University of Technology, SE-971 87 Luleå, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2020, 11(9), 1007;
Received: 18 August 2020 / Revised: 7 September 2020 / Accepted: 15 September 2020 / Published: 18 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Forest Economics, Policy, and Social Science)
The integration of the Nordic timber markets has been analysed to provide market information to various decision-makers, e.g., climate and industrial policies and investment decisions. This study addresses the interlinkage between Nordic (Sweden, Norway and Finland) roundwood markets (Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.)) and Norway spruce ((Picea abies L.) sawlogs and pulpwood). In total, eleven markets were analysed using quarterly data over the period 2006Q1–2017Q4 where various unit root and stationary tests were performed together with Johansen’s cointegration test. In addition, directional causality analyses between the integrated markets were also performed. The results show that the law-of-one-price (LOP) hypothesis can be rejected for most of the studied markets and that no individual market emerges as the price-leader. Only the Swedish and Norwegian pine sawlog markets are integrated suggesting a single market for both countries. Price affecting national and forest-related policies as well as investments in the forestry sector, forest industries, bioenergy sector and other forest product using sectors, will not disperse into a larger international market structure; instead, the price effect will be national and more likely have a more profound effect. View Full-Text
Keywords: sawlogs; pulpwood; forest; unit root; stationarity; time-series sawlogs; pulpwood; forest; unit root; stationarity; time-series
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MDPI and ACS Style

Eriksson, V.; Lundmark, R. A Cointegration Analysis of the Nordic Roundwood Markets. Forests 2020, 11, 1007.

AMA Style

Eriksson V, Lundmark R. A Cointegration Analysis of the Nordic Roundwood Markets. Forests. 2020; 11(9):1007.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Eriksson, Victoria, and Robert Lundmark. 2020. "A Cointegration Analysis of the Nordic Roundwood Markets" Forests 11, no. 9: 1007.

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