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Open AccessArticle

A Systematic Map of Agroforestry Research Focusing on Ecosystem Services in the Asia-Pacific Region

1
Graduate School of International Agricultural Technology, Seoul National University, 1447 Pyeongchang-daero, Daehwa, Pyeongchang, Gangwon 25354, Korea
2
Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanakro, Gwanakgu, Seoul 08826, Korea
3
Center for International Agricultural Development, Institutes of Green Bio Science and Technology, Seoul National University, 1447 Pyeongchang-daero, Daehwa, Pyeongchang, Gangwon 25354, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2020, 11(4), 368; https://doi.org/10.3390/f11040368
Received: 20 February 2020 / Revised: 19 March 2020 / Accepted: 21 March 2020 / Published: 26 March 2020
Agroforestry is an intensive land management system that integrates trees into land already used for crop and animal farming. This provides a diverse range of ecosystem services by bridging the gaps between agriculture, forestry, and animal husbandry. It is an important approach to improve the environmental, economic, and social benefits of complex social–ecological systems in the Asia-Pacific region. This paper aims to examine the research trends in agroforestry and the current state of knowledge, as well as the research gaps in the ecosystem services of agroforestry in this region. A systematic mapping methodology was applied, where analysis units were academic articles related to agroforestry practices in the Asia-Pacific region. The articles published between 1970 and 2018 were collected through the international specialized academic database, SCOPUS. They were coded according to the types of agroforestry practices and ecosystem services. The research result indicates silvorable systems, especially plantation crop combinations, tree management, habitats for species, biological controls, and maintenance of genetic diversity and gene-pools, are the most prominent in the agroforestry research from the Asia-Pacific region. Approximately 60% of all research articles include case studies from India, China, Indonesia, and Australia. Research on agroforestry has changed following the international discourse on climate change and biodiversity. Therefore, this systematic map improves our understanding of the nature, volume, and characteristics of the research on ecosystem services with regard to agroforestry in the Asia-Pacific region. It provides scholars with a springboard for further meta-analysis or research on agroforestry and ecosystem services. View Full-Text
Keywords: agroforestry; ecosystem services; Asia-Pacific region; systematic map agroforestry; ecosystem services; Asia-Pacific region; systematic map
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shin, S.; Soe, K.T.; Lee, H.; Kim, T.H.; Lee, S.; Park, M.S. A Systematic Map of Agroforestry Research Focusing on Ecosystem Services in the Asia-Pacific Region. Forests 2020, 11, 368.

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