Endophytic fungi exist in all known plants and play an important role for plant growth and health. As an important forest tree the Jingbai pear (the best quality cultivar of Pyrus ussuriensi
Maxim. ex Rupr.) has great ecological as well as economic value in north China. However, the mycobiota of the pear tree is still unknown. In this study, the fungal communities in different organs of the tree and in rhizosphere soils were investigated by Illumina Miseq sequencing of ITS rDNA. For organs, the roots had the highest fungal richness and diversity, while the flowers had the lowest richness and diversity. The results demonstrated that each of the organs investigated harbored a distinctive fungal assemblage. Overall, Ascomycota was the most abundant phyla, followed by Basidiomycota and Zygomycota. Fungal communities from the different soils also differed from each other. The redundancy analysis (RDA) showed that fungal community structure correlated significantly with soil temperature, soil pH, soil nitrogen and soil carbon contents. The results indicate that plant organs, site conditions and soil properties may have important influences on the endophytic fungal community structure associated with Jingbai pear trees.
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