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Article

Diversity and Distribution of Phytophthora Species in Protected Natural Areas in Sicily

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Phytophthora Research Centre, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 61300 Brno, Czech Republic
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Phytophthora Research and Consultancy, Am Rain 9, 83131 Nussdorf, Germany
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Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment (Di3A), University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia 100, 95123 Catania, Italy
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Department of Agricultural, Food and Forest Sciences, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze Ed., 4, 90128 Palermo, Italy
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Dipartimento di Agraria, Sezione di Patologia vegetale ed Entomologia (SPaVE), Università degli Studi di Sassari, Viale Italia 39, 07100 Sassari, Italy
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Dipartimento di Agraria, Mediterranean University of Reggio Calabria, località Feo di Vito, 89122 Reggio Calabria, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2019, 10(3), 259; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10030259
Received: 17 February 2019 / Revised: 6 March 2019 / Accepted: 8 March 2019 / Published: 14 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phytophthora Infestations in Forest Ecosystems)
The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence, diversity, and distribution of Phytophthora species in Protected Natural Areas (PNAs), including forest stands, rivers, and riparian ecosystems, in Sicily (Italy), and assessing correlations with natural vegetation and host plants. Fifteen forest stands and 14 rivers in 10 Sicilian PNAs were studied. Phytophthora isolations from soil and stream water were performed using leaf baitings. Isolates were identified using both morphological characters and sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region. A rich community of 20 Phytophthora species from eight phylogenetic clades, including three new Phytophthora taxa, was recovered (17 species in rhizosphere soil from forest stands and 12 species in rivers). New knowledge about the distribution, host associations, and ecology of several Phytophthora species was provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: soilborne pathogens; invasive species; natural ecosystems; streams; vegetation type; baiting; ITS region soilborne pathogens; invasive species; natural ecosystems; streams; vegetation type; baiting; ITS region
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jung, T.; La Spada, F.; Pane, A.; Aloi, F.; Evoli, M.; Horta Jung, M.; Scanu, B.; Faedda, R.; Rizza, C.; Puglisi, I.; Magnano di San Lio, G.; Schena, L.; Cacciola, S.O. Diversity and Distribution of Phytophthora Species in Protected Natural Areas in Sicily. Forests 2019, 10, 259. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10030259

AMA Style

Jung T, La Spada F, Pane A, Aloi F, Evoli M, Horta Jung M, Scanu B, Faedda R, Rizza C, Puglisi I, Magnano di San Lio G, Schena L, Cacciola SO. Diversity and Distribution of Phytophthora Species in Protected Natural Areas in Sicily. Forests. 2019; 10(3):259. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10030259

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jung, Thomas, Federico La Spada, Antonella Pane, Francesco Aloi, Maria Evoli, Marilia Horta Jung, Bruno Scanu, Roberto Faedda, Cinzia Rizza, Ivana Puglisi, Gaetano Magnano di San Lio, Leonardo Schena, and Santa O. Cacciola. 2019. "Diversity and Distribution of Phytophthora Species in Protected Natural Areas in Sicily" Forests 10, no. 3: 259. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10030259

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