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Open AccessArticle

Bioenergy Production on Degraded Land: Landowner Perceptions in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

1
Center for International Forestry Research, Jalan CIFOR, Situ Gede, Bogor 16115, Indonesia
2
Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119077, Singapore
3
National Institute of Forest Science, Seoul 02455, Korea
4
Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Palangka Raya, Jl. Yos Sudarso, Palangka Raya 73111, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia
5
Global Green Growth Institute Indonesia Program, Jalan Diponegoro No.60, Palangka Raya 73111, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2019, 10(2), 99; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10020099
Received: 29 December 2018 / Revised: 18 January 2019 / Accepted: 20 January 2019 / Published: 26 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forest Bioenergy and Bioproducts)
Bioenergy production from degraded land provides an opportunity to secure a new renewable energy source to meet the rapid growth of energy demand in Indonesia while turning degraded land into productive landscape. However, bioenergy production would not be feasible without landowner participation. This study investigates factors affecting landowners’ preferences for bioenergy production by analyzing 150 landowners with fire experience in Buntoi village in Central Kalimantan using Firth’s logistic regression model. Results indicated that 76% of landowners preferred well-known species that have a readily available market such as sengon (Albizia chinensis (Osb.) Merr.) and rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis Müll.Arg.) for restoration on degraded land. Only 8% of preferred nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum L.) for bioenergy production; these particular landowners revealed a capacity to handle the uncertainty of the bioenergy market because they had additional jobs and income, had migrated from Java where nyamplung is prevalent, and preferred agricultural extension to improve their technical capacity. These results contribute to identifying key conditions for a bottom-up approach to bioenergy production from degraded land in Indonesia: a stable bioenergy market for landowners, application of familiar bioenergy species, and agricultural extension support for capacity building. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioenergy; renewable energy; degraded land; farmer’s perceptions; Firth’s logistic regression model; restoration bioenergy; renewable energy; degraded land; farmer’s perceptions; Firth’s logistic regression model; restoration
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Artati, Y.; Jaung, W.; Juniwaty, K.S.; Andini, S.; Lee, S.M.; Segah, H.; Baral, H. Bioenergy Production on Degraded Land: Landowner Perceptions in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Forests 2019, 10, 99.

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