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Nutrient and Bioactive Composition of Five Gabonese Forest Fruits and Their Potential Contribution to Dietary Reference Intakes of Children Aged 1–3 Years and Women Aged 19–60 Years

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School of Food Technology, Nutrition & Bio-Engineering, Makerere University, Kampala P.O. Box 7062, Uganda
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Forest Genetic Resources Programme, Bioversity International, Via dei Tre Denari, 472/a 00057, Maccarese, Rome, Italy
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Department of Biochemistry, University of Yaoundé 1, Yaoundé, Cameroon
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Institut de Recherche en Ecologie Tropicale (IRET), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique (CENAREST), BP: 13 Libreville, Gabon
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African Natural Resources Centre, African Development Bank, 01 BP 1387 Abidjan 01, Côte d’Ivoire
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2019, 10(2), 86; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10020086
Received: 31 October 2018 / Revised: 30 December 2018 / Accepted: 5 January 2019 / Published: 23 January 2019
Widely consumed forest fruits in Gabon were analysed for nutrient and bioactive compositions and their potential contributions to meeting the nutrient requirements of consumers. Edible pulps of Panda oleosa Pierre, Gambeya lacourtiana (De Wild.) Aubrév. & Pellegr. and Poga oleosa Pierre contained substantial amounts of bioactive compounds; flavonoids (13.5–22.8 mg/100 g), proanthocyanins (2.4–7.6 mg/100 g), polyphenols (49.6–77.3 mg/100 g) and vitamin C (6.7–97.7 mg/100 g). The highest content of β-carotene (76.6 µg/100 g) was registered in fruits of Pseudospondias longifolia Engl. The fruits of P. oleosa had the highest essential minerals Fe, Zn and Se. If a child aged 1 to 3 years consumed about 200 g or if a non-lactating and non-pregnant woman consumed 300 g of Panda oleosa, Afrostyrax lepidophyllus Mildbr., G. lacourtiana, P. longifolia and Poga oleosa, they could obtain substantial DRI ranging between 20–100% for energy, vitamins C and E, iron, magnesium, iron and zinc. Forest fruits can considerably contribute towards the human nutrient requirements. Based on the results of this study, forest foods should be considered in formulating policies governing food and nutrition security in Gabon. View Full-Text
Keywords: wild fruits; phytochemicals; malnutrition and health wild fruits; phytochemicals; malnutrition and health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fungo, R.; Muyonga, J.H.; Ngondi, J.L.; Mikolo-Yobo, C.; Iponga, D.M.; Ngoye, A.; Nchuaji Tang, E.; Chupezi Tieguhong, J. Nutrient and Bioactive Composition of Five Gabonese Forest Fruits and Their Potential Contribution to Dietary Reference Intakes of Children Aged 1–3 Years and Women Aged 19–60 Years. Forests 2019, 10, 86. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10020086

AMA Style

Fungo R, Muyonga JH, Ngondi JL, Mikolo-Yobo C, Iponga DM, Ngoye A, Nchuaji Tang E, Chupezi Tieguhong J. Nutrient and Bioactive Composition of Five Gabonese Forest Fruits and Their Potential Contribution to Dietary Reference Intakes of Children Aged 1–3 Years and Women Aged 19–60 Years. Forests. 2019; 10(2):86. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10020086

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fungo, Robert, John H. Muyonga, Judith L. Ngondi, Christian Mikolo-Yobo, Donald M. Iponga, Alfred Ngoye, Erasmus Nchuaji Tang, and Julius Chupezi Tieguhong. 2019. "Nutrient and Bioactive Composition of Five Gabonese Forest Fruits and Their Potential Contribution to Dietary Reference Intakes of Children Aged 1–3 Years and Women Aged 19–60 Years" Forests 10, no. 2: 86. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10020086

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