Next Article in Journal
Within-Site Variation in Seedling Survival in Norway Spruce Plantations
Next Article in Special Issue
Consuming Blackberry as a Traditional Nutraceutical Resource from an Area with High Anthropogenic Impact
Previous Article in Journal
A Forest Model Intercomparison Framework and Application at Two Temperate Forests Along the East Coast of the United States
Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Anti-Tyrosinase and Antioxidant Properties of Four Fern Species for Potential Cosmetic Applications

1
Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad San Jorge, 50830 Villanueva de Gállego (Zaragoza), Spain
2
Department of Biochemistry and Physiology, Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, Universitat de Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
3
Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón-IA2, CITA-Universidad de Zaragoza, 50013 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2019, 10(2), 179; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10020179
Received: 4 January 2019 / Revised: 6 February 2019 / Accepted: 11 February 2019 / Published: 19 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forest, Foods and Nutrition)
Ferns are poorly explored species from a pharmaceutical perspective compared to other terrestrial plants. In this work, the antioxidant and tyrosinase inhibitory activities of hydrophilic and lipophilic extracts, together with total polyphenol content, were evaluated in order to explore the potential cosmetic applications of four Spanish ferns collected in the Prades Mountains (Polypodium vulgare L., Asplenium adiantum-nigrum L., Asplenium trichomanes L., and Ceterach officinarum Willd). The antioxidant activity was evaluated using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) and xanthine/xanthine oxidase (X/XO) assays. The potential to avoid skin hyperpigmentation was tested by inhibiting the tyrosinase enzyme, as this causes melanin synthesis in the epidermis. All ferns were confirmed as antioxidant and anti-tyrosinase agents, but interestingly hydrophilic extracts (obtained with methanol) were more potent and effective compared to lipophilic extracts (obtained with hexane). Polypodium vulgare, Asplenium adiantum-nigrum, and Ceterach officinarum methanolic extracts performed the best as antioxidants. Polypodium vulgare methanolic extract also showed the highest activity as a tyrosinase inhibitor. View Full-Text
Keywords: pteridophytes; ferns; antioxidant; tyrosinase inhibition; cosmetics; Polypodiopsida pteridophytes; ferns; antioxidant; tyrosinase inhibition; cosmetics; Polypodiopsida
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Farràs, A.; Cásedas, G.; Les, F.; Terrado, E.M.; Mitjans, M.; López, V. Evaluation of Anti-Tyrosinase and Antioxidant Properties of Four Fern Species for Potential Cosmetic Applications. Forests 2019, 10, 179.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map

1
Forests, EISSN 1999-4907, Published by MDPI AG
Back to TopTop