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Article

Estimating the Sustainability of Managed Natural Forests in Costa Rica—A Hybrid Delphi & Choice Experiment Approach

1
Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Forest Engineering School, Forest Innovation Research Center, DOCINADE student, Campus Cartago 30101, Costa Rica
2
Department of Economic Analysis & ICEI, Complutense University of Madrid, Campus of Somosaguas, 28223 Pozuelo de Alarcón, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2019, 10(10), 832; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10100832
Received: 22 August 2019 / Revised: 18 September 2019 / Accepted: 19 September 2019 / Published: 21 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Valuation and Sustainable Management of Forests)
Management of natural forests in Costa Rica allows timber extraction in so far as it is guaranteed that the logging activities comply with diverse Sustainability Principles, Criteria and Indicators (PCIs). These are hierarchical and complex systems used, ex-ante in the formulation and approval of the Management Plan but have not been used for ex-post evaluation of managed forests. Development of sustainability evaluation systems that include few criteria is highly recommended. In that sense, the choice experiments contribute to simplification of the initial system of decision making, complementing a complex system of PCIs that permits detailed analysis of the management units. In this study, a choice experiment was included in a Delphi application and 5 key variables were identified to evaluate the sustainability of managed natural forests. These variables are, in order of importance—technical, legal and administrative conditions; external financing conditions; production performance; costs of preparing the Management Plan; and payment mechanisms for environmental services. The definition of these variables confirms not only that the technical, legal and administrative conditions are critical for sustainability but also that they could reflect the type of governance involved in sustainability forest management. View Full-Text
Keywords: expert; stakeholder; stated preferences; survey; tropical humid forest expert; stakeholder; stated preferences; survey; tropical humid forest
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MDPI and ACS Style

Salas-Garita, C.; Soliño, M. Estimating the Sustainability of Managed Natural Forests in Costa Rica—A Hybrid Delphi & Choice Experiment Approach. Forests 2019, 10, 832. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10100832

AMA Style

Salas-Garita C, Soliño M. Estimating the Sustainability of Managed Natural Forests in Costa Rica—A Hybrid Delphi & Choice Experiment Approach. Forests. 2019; 10(10):832. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10100832

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salas-Garita, Cynthia, and Mario Soliño. 2019. "Estimating the Sustainability of Managed Natural Forests in Costa Rica—A Hybrid Delphi & Choice Experiment Approach" Forests 10, no. 10: 832. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10100832

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