Toward strong demand for very high-speed I/O for processors, physical performance growth of hardware I/O speed was drastically increased in this decade. However, the recent Big Data applications still demand the larger I/O bandwidth and the lower latency for the speed. Because the current I/O performance does not improve so drastically, it is the time to consider another way to increase it. To overcome this challenge, we focus on lossless data compression technology to decrease the amount of data itself in the data communication path. The recent Big Data applications treat data stream that flows continuously and never allow stalling processing due to the high speed. Therefore, an elegant hardware-based data compression technology is demanded. This paper proposes a novel lossless data compression, called ASE coding. It encodes streaming data by applying the entropy coding approach. ASE coding instantly assigns the fewest bits to the corresponding compressed data according to the number of occupied entries in a look-up table. This paper describes the detailed mechanism of ASE coding. Furthermore, the paper demonstrates performance evaluations to promise that ASE coding adaptively shrinks streaming data and also works on a small amount of hardware resources without stalling or buffering any part of data stream.
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