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Open AccessArticle

Image Resolution Enhancement of Highly Compressively Sensed CT/PET Signals

Faculty of Electronics and Telecommunications, Poznan University of Technology, 60-965 Poznan, Poland
Algorithms 2020, 13(5), 129; https://doi.org/10.3390/a13050129
Received: 29 April 2020 / Revised: 15 May 2020 / Accepted: 16 May 2020 / Published: 21 May 2020
One of the most challenging aspects of medical modalities such as Computed Tomography (CT) as well hybrid techniques such as CT/PET (Computed Tomography/Positron emission tomography) and PET/MRI is finding a balance between examination time, radiation dose, and image quality. The need for a dense sampling grid is associated with two major factors: image resolution enhancement, which leads to a strengthening of human perception, and image features interpretation. All these aspects make an unsupervised image processing much easier. The presented algorithm employs super-resolution-reconstruction with high accuracy motion fields’ estimation at its core for Computed Tomography/Positron Emission Tomography (CT/PET) images enhancement. The suggested method starts with processing compressively sensed input signals. This paper shows that it is possible to achieve higher image resolution while keeping the same radiation dose. The purpose of this paper is to propose a highly effective CT/PET image reconstruction strategy, allowing for simultaneous resolution enhancing and scanning time minimisation. The algorithm aims to overcome two major obstacles—image resolution limitation and algorithm reconstruction time efficiency-by combining a highly-sparse Ridgelet analysis based sampling pattern as well as PET signal sensing with super-resolution (SR) image enhancement. Due to the diverse nature of Computed Tomography, the applied Ridgelet analysis arguing its usability turned out to be efficient in reducing acquisition times in regard to maintaining satisfying scan quality. This paper presents a super-resolution image enhancement algorithm designed for handling highly sensitively compressed hybrid CT/PET scanners raw data. The presented technique allows for improving image resolution while reducing motion artefacts and keeping scanning times at pretty low levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: CT; PET; super-resolution; compressed sensing CT; PET; super-resolution; compressed sensing
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Malczewski, K. Image Resolution Enhancement of Highly Compressively Sensed CT/PET Signals. Algorithms 2020, 13, 129.

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