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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Enhancement of TiO2 NPs Activity by Fe3O4 Nano-Seeds for Removal of Organic Pollutants in Water

1
Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry, University of Genoa, Genoa 16146, Italy
2
Department of Chemistry, University of Pavia, Pavia 27100, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrea P. Reverberi
Materials 2016, 9(9), 771; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma9090771
Received: 28 July 2016 / Revised: 30 August 2016 / Accepted: 5 September 2016 / Published: 10 September 2016
The enhancement of the photocatalytic activity of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs), synthesized in the presence of a very small amount of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles, is here presented and discussed. From X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analyses, the crystallinity of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) seems to be affected by Fe3O4, acting as nano-seeds to improve the tetragonal TiO2 anatase structure with respect to the amorphous one. Photocatalytic activity data, i.e., the degradation of methylene blue and the Ofloxacin fluoroquinolone emerging pollutant, give evidence that the increased crystalline structure of the NPs, even if correlated to a reduced surface to mass ratio (with respect to commercial TiO2 NPs), enhances the performance of this type of catalyst. The achievement of a relatively well-defined crystal structure at low temperatures (Tmax = 150 °C), preventing the sintering of the TiO2 NPs and, thus, preserving the high density of active sites, seems to be the keystone to understand the obtained results. View Full-Text
Keywords: titania; photocatalysis; methylene blue; Ofloxacin; fluoroquinolone titania; photocatalysis; methylene blue; Ofloxacin; fluoroquinolone
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MDPI and ACS Style

Villa, S.; Caratto, V.; Locardi, F.; Alberti, S.; Sturini, M.; Speltini, A.; Maraschi, F.; Canepa, F.; Ferretti, M. Enhancement of TiO2 NPs Activity by Fe3O4 Nano-Seeds for Removal of Organic Pollutants in Water. Materials 2016, 9, 771.

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