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Titanium Carbide Nanofibers-Reinforced Aluminum Compacts, a New Strategy to Enhance Mechanical Properties

Mechanical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Al-Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia
Mechanical Design and Materials Department, Faculty of Energy Engineering, Aswan University, Aswan 002097, Egypt
Center of Excellence for Research in Engineering Materials (CEREM), Advanced Manufacturing Institute, King Saud University, Al-Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia
Electrochemistry and Corrosion Laboratory, Department of Physical Chemistry, National Research Centre (NRC), Dokki, Cairo 12622, Egypt
Production Engineering and Design Department, Faculty of Engineering, Minia Universities, Minia 61111, Egypt
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dirk Lehmhus
Materials 2016, 9(5), 399;
Received: 8 March 2016 / Revised: 11 May 2016 / Accepted: 18 May 2016 / Published: 20 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Advanced Composites)
PDF [11759 KB, uploaded 20 May 2016]


TiC nanofibers reinforced Al matrix composites were produced by High Frequency Induction Heat Sintering (HFIHS).The titanium carbide nanofibers with an average diameter of 90 nm are first prepared by electrospinning technique and high temperature calcination process. A composite solution containing polyacrylonitrile and titanium isopropoxide is first electrospun into the nanofibers, which are subsequently stabilized and then calcined to produce the desired TiC nanofibers. The X-ray diffraction pattern and transmission electron microscopy results show that the main phase of the as-synthesized nanofibers is titanium carbide. The TiC nanofibers is then mixed with the aluminum powders and introduced into high frequency induction heat sintering (HFIHS) to produce composites of TiC nanofibers reinforced aluminum matrix. The potential application of the TiC nanofibers reinforced aluminum matrix composites was systematically investigated. 99.5% relative density and around 85 HV (833 MPa) Vickers hardness of the Al reinforced with 5 wt % TiC nanofiber has been obtained. Furthermore, the sample of Al contains 5 wt % TiC, has the highest value of compression and yield strength of about 415 and 350 MPa, respectively. The ductility of the Al/5 wt % TiC showed increasing with increasing the TiC contents. View Full-Text
Keywords: aluminium composites; titanium carbide; nanofibers reienforcemnts; HFIHS aluminium composites; titanium carbide; nanofibers reienforcemnts; HFIHS

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Khalil, K.A.; Sherif, E.-S.M.; Nabawy, A.M.; Abdo, H.S.; Marzouk, W.W.; Alharbi, H.F. Titanium Carbide Nanofibers-Reinforced Aluminum Compacts, a New Strategy to Enhance Mechanical Properties. Materials 2016, 9, 399.

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