Next Article in Journal
Dependence of Liquid Supercooling on Liquid Overheating Levels of Al Small Particles
Next Article in Special Issue
Activation of Aspen Wood with Carbon Dioxide and Phosphoric Acid for Removal of Total Organic Carbon from Oil Sands Produced Water: Increasing the Yield with Bio-Oil Recycling
Previous Article in Journal
Preparation and Characterization of Blended Films from Quaternized Hemicelluloses and Carboxymethyl Cellulose
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Use of an Edible Mushroom-Derived Renewable Carbon Material as a Highly Stable Electrocatalyst towards Four-Electron Oxygen Reduction
Open AccessArticle

Biomass Pyrolysis Solids as Reducing Agents: Comparison with Commercial Reducing Agents

Department of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Bilbao 48013, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Rafael Luque
Materials 2016, 9(1), 3;
Received: 22 October 2015 / Revised: 4 December 2015 / Accepted: 16 December 2015 / Published: 23 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Porous Carbonaceous Materials from Biomass)
Biomass is one of the most suitable options to be used as renewable energy source due to its extensive availability and its contribution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass under appropriate conditions (slow heating rate and high temperatures) can produce a quality solid product, which could be applicable to several metallurgical processes as reducing agent (biocoke or bioreducer). Two woody biomass samples (olives and eucalyptus) were pyrolyzed to produce biocoke. These biocokes were characterized by means of proximate and ultimate analysis, real density, specific surface area, and porosity and were compared with three commercial reducing agents. Finally, reactivity tests were performed both with the biocokes and with the commercial reducing agents. Bioreducers have lower ash and sulfur contents than commercial reducers, higher surface area and porosity, and consequently, much higher reactivity. Bioreducers are not appropriate to be used as top burden in blast furnaces, but they can be used as fuel and reducing agent either tuyére injected at the lower part of the blast furnace or in non-ferrous metallurgical processes where no mechanical strength is needed as, for example, in rotary kilns. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; biocoke; bioreducer; slow pyrolysis biomass; biocoke; bioreducer; slow pyrolysis
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Adrados, A.; De Marco, I.; López-Urionabarrenechea, A.; Solar, J.; Caballero, B.M.; Gastelu, N. Biomass Pyrolysis Solids as Reducing Agents: Comparison with Commercial Reducing Agents. Materials 2016, 9, 3.

AMA Style

Adrados A, De Marco I, López-Urionabarrenechea A, Solar J, Caballero BM, Gastelu N. Biomass Pyrolysis Solids as Reducing Agents: Comparison with Commercial Reducing Agents. Materials. 2016; 9(1):3.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Adrados, Aitziber; De Marco, Isabel; López-Urionabarrenechea, Alexander; Solar, Jon; Caballero, Blanca M.; Gastelu, Naia. 2016. "Biomass Pyrolysis Solids as Reducing Agents: Comparison with Commercial Reducing Agents" Materials 9, no. 1: 3.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop