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A Critical Review of Dental Implant Materials with an Emphasis on Titanium versus Zirconia

by Reham B. Osman 1,2,*,† and Michael V. Swain 3,†
Department of Oral Implantology and Prosthetic Dentistry, Academic Centrum of Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA), 1081 LA Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Department of Removable Prosthodontics, Cairo University, Giza 11553, Egypt
Biomaterials Laboratory, Sydney Dental Hospital, the University of Sydney, Surry Hills, NSW 2010, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Andrew J. Ruys
Materials 2015, 8(3), 932-958;
Received: 30 December 2014 / Revised: 20 January 2015 / Accepted: 12 February 2015 / Published: 5 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioceramics)
The goal of the current publication is to provide a comprehensive literature review on the topic of dental implant materials. The following paper focuses on conventional titanium implants and more recently introduced and increasingly popular zirconia implants. Major subtopics include the material science and the clinical considerations involving both implant materials and the influence of their physical properties on the treatment outcome. Titanium remains the gold standard for the fabrication of oral implants, even though sensitivity does occur, though its clinical relevance is not yet clear. Zirconia implants may prove to be promising in the future; however, further in vitro and well-designed in vivo clinical studies are needed before such a recommendation can be made. Special considerations and technical experience are needed when dealing with zirconia implants to minimize the incidence of mechanical failure. View Full-Text
Keywords: zirconia; titanium; dental implants; oral implants; implant materials zirconia; titanium; dental implants; oral implants; implant materials
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Osman, R.B.; Swain, M.V. A Critical Review of Dental Implant Materials with an Emphasis on Titanium versus Zirconia. Materials 2015, 8, 932-958.

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