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Open AccessArticle

Kinetic Study on the Formation of Bimetallic Core-Shell Nanoparticles via Microemulsions

by Concha Tojo 1,*,† and Nuria Vila-Romeu 2,†
Physical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Vigo, E-36310 Vigo, Spain
Physical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences, University of Vigo, E-32004 Ourense, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Materials 2014, 7(11), 7513-7532;
Received: 23 July 2014 / Revised: 17 October 2014 / Accepted: 12 November 2014 / Published: 21 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inorganic Core-Shell Structures)
Computer calculations were carried out to determine the reaction rates and the mean structure of bimetallic nanoparticles prepared via a microemulsion route. The rates of reaction of each metal were calculated for a particular microemulsion composition (fixed intermicellar exchange rate) and varying reduction rate ratios between both metal and metal salt concentration inside the micelles. Model predictions show that, even in the case of a very small difference in reduction potential of both metals, the formation of an external shell in a bimetallic nanoparticle is possible if a large reactant concentration is used. The modification of metal arrangement with concentration was analyzed from a mechanistic point of view, and proved to be due to the different impact of confinement on each metal: the reaction rate of the faster metal is only controlled by the intermicellar exchange rate but the slower metal is also affected by a cage-like effect. View Full-Text
Keywords: bimetallic nanoparticles; microemulsion; intermicellar exchange rate bimetallic nanoparticles; microemulsion; intermicellar exchange rate
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tojo, C.; Vila-Romeu, N. Kinetic Study on the Formation of Bimetallic Core-Shell Nanoparticles via Microemulsions. Materials 2014, 7, 7513-7532.

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