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Aqueous ZrO2 and YSZ Colloidal Systems through Microwave Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis
Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281 S3, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
Department of Organic Chemistry, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281 S4, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 July 2013; in revised form: 4 September 2013 / Accepted: 10 September 2013 / Published: 16 September 2013
Abstract: In this paper, the formation of ZrO2 and yttria-stabilised-zirconia (YSZ) aqueous colloidal systems via microwave assisted hydrothermal synthesis is studied. Microwave synthesis allows a fast screening of the influence of different parameters such as time and temperature. The temperature varied from 140 °C up to 180 °C and the used reaction time varied from 5 min up to 1 h. The synthesised zirconia nanoparticles have a particle size of 50 nm confirmed by TEM. A 1H NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) study helped to understand the stabilization mechanism of the synthesised particles. By the addition of ytrrium ions into the zirconia colloidal solution, YSZ could be formed via an additional thermal treatment. Hereby, the samples are heated up to 400 °C for 1 h. YSZ colloidal solutions are synthesised by making use of complexing agents such as nitrilotriacetic acid, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and citric acid to control the hydrolysis and condensation of both ions to avoid non-stoichiometric phases. The ratio of Zr/Y in the particles is quantified by XRF. The amorphous structure of those particles necessitates an additional thermal treatment up to 600 °C during 1 h in order to obtain crystalline YSZ.
Keywords: microwave assisted synthesis; YSZ; zirconia; nanoparticles; NMR
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MDPI and ACS Style
Vernieuwe, K.; Lommens, P.; Martins, J.C.; Van Den Broeck, F.; Van Driessche, I.; De Buysser, K. Aqueous ZrO2 and YSZ Colloidal Systems through Microwave Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis. Materials 2013, 6, 4082-4095.
Vernieuwe K, Lommens P, Martins JC, Van Den Broeck F, Van Driessche I, De Buysser K. Aqueous ZrO2 and YSZ Colloidal Systems through Microwave Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis. Materials. 2013; 6(9):4082-4095.
Vernieuwe, Kenny; Lommens, Petra; Martins, José C.; Van Den Broeck, Freya; Van Driessche, Isabel; De Buysser, Klaartje. 2013. "Aqueous ZrO2 and YSZ Colloidal Systems through Microwave Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis." Materials 6, no. 9: 4082-4095.