Materials 2013, 6(12), 5951-5966; doi:10.3390/ma6125951
Review

Implications of Surface and Bulk Properties of Abutment Implants and Their Degradation in the Health of Periodontal Tissue

1 Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry at Araraquara, Universidade Estadual Paulista—UNESP, Araraquara, São Paulo 14801-903, Brazil 2 Department of Diagnostic and Surgery, School of Dentistry at Araraquara, Universidade Estadual Paulista—UNESP, Araraquara, São Paulo 14801-903, Brazil 3 Department of Physiology and Pathology, School of Dentistry at Araraquara, Universidade Estadual Paulista—UNESP, Araraquara, São Paulo 14801-903, Brazil
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 October 2013; in revised form: 4 December 2013 / Accepted: 5 December 2013 / Published: 18 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Titanium Materials for Biomedical Application 2013)
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Abstract: The aim of the current review was to investigate the implications of the surface and bulk properties of abutment implants and their degradation in relation to periodontal health. The success of dental implants is no longer a challenge for dentistry. The scientific literature presents several types of implants that are specific for each case. However, in cases of prosthetics components, such as abutments, further research is needed to improve the materials used to avoid bacterial adhesion and enhance contact with epithelial cells. The implanted surfaces of the abutments are composed of chemical elements that may degrade under different temperatures or be damaged by the forces applied onto them. This study showed that the resulting release of such chemical elements could cause inflammation in the periodontal tissue. At the same time, the surface characteristics can be altered, thus favoring biofilm development and further increasing the inflammation. Finally, if not treated, this inflammation can cause the loss of the implant.
Keywords: abutment implants; bacterial adhesion; cell adhesion; titanium; zirconia

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MDPI and ACS Style

de Avila, E.D.; de Molon, R.S.; Palomari Spolidorio, D.M.; de Assis Mollo Jr., F. Implications of Surface and Bulk Properties of Abutment Implants and Their Degradation in the Health of Periodontal Tissue. Materials 2013, 6, 5951-5966.

AMA Style

de Avila ED, de Molon RS, Palomari Spolidorio DM, de Assis Mollo Jr. F. Implications of Surface and Bulk Properties of Abutment Implants and Their Degradation in the Health of Periodontal Tissue. Materials. 2013; 6(12):5951-5966.

Chicago/Turabian Style

de Avila, Erica D.; de Molon, Rafael S.; Palomari Spolidorio, Denise M.; de Assis Mollo Jr., Francisco. 2013. "Implications of Surface and Bulk Properties of Abutment Implants and Their Degradation in the Health of Periodontal Tissue." Materials 6, no. 12: 5951-5966.

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