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Article

Design and Development of an E-Textile Mat for Assuring the Comfort of Bedridden Persons

1
Centre of Competence MIRACle—Mechatronics, Innovation, Robotics, Automation, Clean Technologies, Laboratory “Intelligent Mechatronic Solutions in the Field of Textiles and Clothing”, Technical University of Sofia, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
2
Laboratory “CAD/CAM/CAE in Industry”, Technical University of Sofia, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Barbara Simončič
Materials 2021, 14(18), 5437; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14185437
Received: 12 August 2021 / Revised: 15 September 2021 / Accepted: 17 September 2021 / Published: 20 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multifunctional Textile Materials)
An e-textile mat with capacitive textile sensors was designed and manufactured to monitor body position and prevent decubitus ulcers in the case of bedridden people. The sensors were incorporated through a process of machine embroidery with electrically conductive threads. A new production method for the conductive threads is still expected to be developed, resulting in good conductive properties, high wear resistance and durability. Samples of five variants of motifs without cross-stitching were studied, and the capacity and electrical resistance were determined experimentally. A prototype of the e-textile mat was made with a motif showing the best ratio between the inserted thread and the measured capacity. A hardware solution and a software application for collecting, processing and visualising the received information were developed. Tests were performed in real conditions, which clearly showed that the designed e-textile mat could be successfully applied for non-invasive and continuous control of the position of the human body in a supine position to prevent decubitus ulcers. View Full-Text
Keywords: e-textiles; health care; multifunctional textiles; bedridden persons; decubitus ulcers; human comfort; body position; textile sensors; conductive threads; monitoring system e-textiles; health care; multifunctional textiles; bedridden persons; decubitus ulcers; human comfort; body position; textile sensors; conductive threads; monitoring system
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sofronova, D.; Angelova, R.A.; Sofronov, Y. Design and Development of an E-Textile Mat for Assuring the Comfort of Bedridden Persons. Materials 2021, 14, 5437. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14185437

AMA Style

Sofronova D, Angelova RA, Sofronov Y. Design and Development of an E-Textile Mat for Assuring the Comfort of Bedridden Persons. Materials. 2021; 14(18):5437. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14185437

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sofronova, Daniela, Radostina A. Angelova, and Yavor Sofronov. 2021. "Design and Development of an E-Textile Mat for Assuring the Comfort of Bedridden Persons" Materials 14, no. 18: 5437. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14185437

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