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Article

Correlations of Geometry and Infill Degree of Extrusion Additively Manufactured 316L Stainless Steel Components

1
Engineering Design and CAD, University of Bayreuth, Universitaetsstr. 30, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany
2
Neue Materialien Bayreuth GmbH, Gottlieb-Keim-Str. 60, 95448 Bayreuth, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Juan Manuel Montes Martos
Materials 2021, 14(18), 5173; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14185173
Received: 18 August 2021 / Revised: 3 September 2021 / Accepted: 7 September 2021 / Published: 9 September 2021
This study focuses on the effect of part geometry and infill degrees on effective mechanical properties of extrusion additively manufactured stainless steel 316L parts produced with BASF’s Ultrafuse 316LX filament. Knowledge about correlations between infill degrees, mechanical properties and dimensional deviations are essential to enhance the part performance and further establish efficient methods for the product development for lightweight metal engineering applications. To investigate the effective Young’s modulus, yield strength and bending stress, standard testing methods for tensile testing and bending testing were used. For evaluating the dimensional accuracy, the tensile and bending specimens were measured before and after sintering to analyze anisotropic shrinkage effects and dimensional deviations linked to the infill structure. The results showed that dimensions larger than 10 mm have minor geometrical deviations and that the effective Young’s modulus varied in the range of 176%. These findings provide a more profound understanding of the process and its capabilities and enhance the product development process for metal extrusion-based additive manufacturing. View Full-Text
Keywords: material extrusion additive manufacturing; metal additive manufacturing; debinding and sintering; infill structure; effective porosity; product development material extrusion additive manufacturing; metal additive manufacturing; debinding and sintering; infill structure; effective porosity; product development
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rosnitschek, T.; Seefeldt, A.; Alber-Laukant, B.; Neumeyer, T.; Altstädt, V.; Tremmel, S. Correlations of Geometry and Infill Degree of Extrusion Additively Manufactured 316L Stainless Steel Components. Materials 2021, 14, 5173. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14185173

AMA Style

Rosnitschek T, Seefeldt A, Alber-Laukant B, Neumeyer T, Altstädt V, Tremmel S. Correlations of Geometry and Infill Degree of Extrusion Additively Manufactured 316L Stainless Steel Components. Materials. 2021; 14(18):5173. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14185173

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rosnitschek, Tobias, Andressa Seefeldt, Bettina Alber-Laukant, Thomas Neumeyer, Volker Altstädt, and Stephan Tremmel. 2021. "Correlations of Geometry and Infill Degree of Extrusion Additively Manufactured 316L Stainless Steel Components" Materials 14, no. 18: 5173. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14185173

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