Next Article in Journal
Review on the Use of Superconducting Bulks for Magnetic Screening in Electrical Machines for Aircraft Applications
Next Article in Special Issue
Plasma-Induced Catalyst Support Defects for the Photothermal Methanation of Carbon Dioxide
Previous Article in Journal
Biomechanical Properties of Bone and Mucosa for Design and Application of Dental Implants
 
 
Review

Photocatalytic Technology for Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Wastewater Treatment: Current Progress and Future Perspective

1
Research Group on Energy and Chemical Engineering Processing System, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
2
Center for Catalysis and Reaction Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
3
Research Center for New and Renewable Energy (PPEBT), Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
4
Particles and Catalysis Research Group, School of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Juan M. Coronado
Materials 2021, 14(11), 2846; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14112846
Received: 4 May 2021 / Revised: 20 May 2021 / Accepted: 24 May 2021 / Published: 26 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Materials for Light-Assisted Catalytic Reactions)
The palm oil industry produces liquid waste called POME (palm oil mill effluent). POME is stated as one of the wastes that are difficult to handle because of its large production and ineffective treatment. It will disturb the ecosystem with a high organic matter content if the waste is disposed directly into the environment. The authorities have established policies and regulations in the POME waste quality standard before being discharged into the environment. However, at this time, there are still many factories in Indonesia that have not been able to meet the standard of POME waste disposal with the existing treatment technology. Currently, the POME treatment system is still using a conventional system known as an open pond system. Although this process can reduce pollutants’ concentration, it will produce much sludge, requiring a large pond area and a long processing time. To overcome the inability of the conventional system to process POME is believed to be a challenge. Extensive effort is being invested in developing alternative technologies for the POME waste treatment to reduce POME waste safely. Several technologies have been studied, such as anaerobic processes, membrane technology, advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), membrane technology, adsorption, steam reforming, and coagulation. Among other things, an AOP, namely photocatalytic technology, has the potential to treat POME waste. This paper provides information on the feasibility of photocatalytic technology for treating POME waste. Although there are some challenges in this technology’s large-scale application, this paper proposes several strategies and directions to overcome these challenges. View Full-Text
Keywords: palm oil mill effluent; treatment technologies; photocatalytic degradation; photocatalyst; wastewater treatment palm oil mill effluent; treatment technologies; photocatalytic degradation; photocatalyst; wastewater treatment
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Saputera, W.H.; Amri, A.F.; Daiyan, R.; Sasongko, D. Photocatalytic Technology for Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Wastewater Treatment: Current Progress and Future Perspective. Materials 2021, 14, 2846. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14112846

AMA Style

Saputera WH, Amri AF, Daiyan R, Sasongko D. Photocatalytic Technology for Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Wastewater Treatment: Current Progress and Future Perspective. Materials. 2021; 14(11):2846. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14112846

Chicago/Turabian Style

Saputera, Wibawa Hendra, Aryan Fathoni Amri, Rahman Daiyan, and Dwiwahju Sasongko. 2021. "Photocatalytic Technology for Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Wastewater Treatment: Current Progress and Future Perspective" Materials 14, no. 11: 2846. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14112846

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop