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Enhancement of 3D-Printable Materials by Dual-Curing Procedures

Thermodynamics Laboratory, ETSEIB, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Av. Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Department of Analytical and Organic Chemistry, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, C/Marcel·lí Domingo s/n, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, C/Av. Països Catalans, 26, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2021, 14(1), 107;
Received: 23 November 2020 / Revised: 23 December 2020 / Accepted: 24 December 2020 / Published: 29 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Thermoset Materials)
Dual-curing thermosetting systems are recently being developed as an alternative to conventional curing systems due to their processing flexibility and the possibility of enhancing the properties of cured parts in single- or multi-stage processing scenarios. Most dual-curing systems currently employed in three-dimensional (3D) printing technologies are aimed at improving the quality and properties of the printed parts. However, further benefit can be obtained from control in the curing sequence, making it possible to obtain partially reacted 3D-printed parts with tailored structure and properties, and to complete the reaction by activation of a second polymerization reaction in a subsequent processing stage. This paves the way for a range of novel applications based on the controlled reactivity and functionality of this intermediate material and the final consolidation of the 3D-printed part after this second processing stage. In this review, different strategies and the latest developments based on the concept of dual-curing are analyzed, with a focus on the enhanced functionality and emerging applications of the processed materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: additive manufacturing; 3D-printing; dual-curing additive manufacturing; 3D-printing; dual-curing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fernández-Francos, X.; Konuray, O.; Ramis, X.; Serra, À.; De la Flor, S. Enhancement of 3D-Printable Materials by Dual-Curing Procedures. Materials 2021, 14, 107.

AMA Style

Fernández-Francos X, Konuray O, Ramis X, Serra À, De la Flor S. Enhancement of 3D-Printable Materials by Dual-Curing Procedures. Materials. 2021; 14(1):107.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fernández-Francos, Xavier, Osman Konuray, Xavier Ramis, Àngels Serra, and Silvia De la Flor. 2021. "Enhancement of 3D-Printable Materials by Dual-Curing Procedures" Materials 14, no. 1: 107.

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