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Open AccessArticle

Effect of the Formation of Amorphous Networks on the Structure and Hydration Characteristics of Granulated Blast Furnace Slag

by Yuhan Yao 1, Yali Wang 1,2, Qi Wei 1, Suping Cui 1,2,* and Liwei Hao 3
1
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
2
National Engineering Laboratory of Industrial Big-Data Application Technology, Beijing 100124, China
3
State Key Laboratory of Solid Waste Reuse for Building Materials, Beijing Building Materials Academy of Science Research, Beijing 100041, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(6), 1462; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13061462
Received: 5 March 2020 / Revised: 18 March 2020 / Accepted: 20 March 2020 / Published: 23 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Construction and Building Materials)
The slag obtained in the process of pig iron smelting has been widely used, but the variational hydration activity always is a significant factor affecting its quality. In this experiment, the laboratory simulated slag was prepared by adjusting the chemical composition and cooling method. The experiment primary characterized the structure and hydration process with different types of slag by using MAS NMR, XRD, compressive strength, ICP, SEM, and hydration heat, then obtained the influence of the composition of the network former S/A (the mass ratio of SiO2 and Al2O3 in chemical composition) and amorphous phase content on its structure and hydration activity. The result shows that lowering the S/A value can reduce the degree of vitreous polymerization in the slag; reducing the S/A value of the slag can make the slag hydration time advance, and consequently, the cumulative exotherm increases, the liquid phase Ca/Si and Al/Si ionic ratio increases, and the hydration product changes from C–S–H gel to C–A–S–H gel, which ultimately leads to an increase in compressive strength. In the high S/A value slag, the formation of the trace crystal phase of gehlenite is beneficial to reduce the degree of polymerization of the amorphous. View Full-Text
Keywords: amorphous structure; granulated blast furnace slag; cement; MAS NMR; hydration activity amorphous structure; granulated blast furnace slag; cement; MAS NMR; hydration activity
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Yao, Y.; Wang, Y.; Wei, Q.; Cui, S.; Hao, L. Effect of the Formation of Amorphous Networks on the Structure and Hydration Characteristics of Granulated Blast Furnace Slag. Materials 2020, 13, 1462.

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