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Open AccessArticle

Experimental Study on the Stiffness of Steel Beam-to-Upright Connections for Storage Racking Systems

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Transilvania University of Brasov, B-dul Eroilor, No. 29, 500036 Brasov, Romania
2
Product Development Department, S.C. Dexion Storage Solutions S.R.L, Str. Campului Nr. 1A, 505400 Rasnov, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(13), 2949; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13132949
Received: 5 June 2020 / Revised: 27 June 2020 / Accepted: 28 June 2020 / Published: 1 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Testing of Materials and Elements in Civil Engineering)
The aspects regarding the stiffness of the connections between the beams that support the storage pallets and the uprights is very important in the analysis of the displacements and stresses in the storage racking systems. The main purpose of this paper is to study the effects of both upright thickness and tab connector type on the rotational stiffness and on the capable bending moment of the connection. For this purpose, a number of 18 different groups of beam-connector-upright assemblies are prepared by combining three types of beams (different sizes of the box cross section), three kinds of uprights profiles (with a different thickness of the section walls), and two types of connectors (four-tab connectors and five-tab connectors). Flexural tests were carried out on 101 assemblies. For the assemblies containing the uprights having the thickness of 1.5 mm, the five-tab connector leads to a higher value of the capable moment and higher rotational stiffness than similar assemblies with four-tab connectors. A contrary phenomenon happens in case of the assemblies containing the upright profiles having a thickness of 2.0 mm regarding the capable design moment. It is shown how the safety coefficient of connection depends on both the rotational stiffness and capable bending moment. View Full-Text
Keywords: storage systems; stiffness; tab connector; flexural test; capable design moment storage systems; stiffness; tab connector; flexural test; capable design moment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dumbrava, F.; Cerbu, C. Experimental Study on the Stiffness of Steel Beam-to-Upright Connections for Storage Racking Systems. Materials 2020, 13, 2949.

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