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Article

Introduction of a Methodology to Enhance the Stabilization Process of PAN Fibers by Modeling and Advanced Characterization

Research Unit of Advanced, Composite, Nano Materials & Nanotechnology, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Department III, 9 Heroon Polytechniou str., Zografou Campus, 157 73 Athens, Greece
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Materials 2020, 13(12), 2749; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13122749
Received: 24 May 2020 / Revised: 6 June 2020 / Accepted: 12 June 2020 / Published: 17 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tailored Textile-Reinforced Composite Materials)
A methodology for designing the oxidative stabilization process of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibers is examined. In its core, this methodology is based on a model that describes the characteristic fiber length variation during thermal processing, through the de-convolution of three main contributors (i.e., entropic and chemical shrinkage and creep elongation). The model demonstrated an additional advantage of offering further insight into the physical and chemical phenomena taking place during the treatment. Validation of PAN-model prediction performance for different processing parameters was achieved as demonstrated by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). Τensile testing revealed the effect of processing parameters on fiber quality, while model prediction demonstrated that ladder polymer formation is accelerated at temperatures over 200 °C. Additionally, according the DSC and FTIR measurements predictions from the application of the model during stabilization seem to be more precise at high-temperature stabilization stages. It was shown that mechanical properties could be enhanced preferably by including a treatment step below 200 °C, before the initiation of cyclization reactions. Further confirmation was provided via Raman spectroscopy, which demonstrated that graphitic like planes are formed upon stabilization above 200 °C, and thus multistage stabilization is required to optimize synthesis of carbon fibers. Optical Microscopy proved that isothermal stabilization treatment did not severely alter the cross section geometry of PAN fiber monofilaments. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyacrylonitrile; stabilization; cyclization; kinetics; carbon fiber polyacrylonitrile; stabilization; cyclization; kinetics; carbon fiber
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MDPI and ACS Style

Konstantopoulos, G.; Soulis, S.; Dragatogiannis, D.; Charitidis, C. Introduction of a Methodology to Enhance the Stabilization Process of PAN Fibers by Modeling and Advanced Characterization. Materials 2020, 13, 2749. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13122749

AMA Style

Konstantopoulos G, Soulis S, Dragatogiannis D, Charitidis C. Introduction of a Methodology to Enhance the Stabilization Process of PAN Fibers by Modeling and Advanced Characterization. Materials. 2020; 13(12):2749. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13122749

Chicago/Turabian Style

Konstantopoulos, George, Spyros Soulis, Dimitrios Dragatogiannis, and Costas Charitidis. 2020. "Introduction of a Methodology to Enhance the Stabilization Process of PAN Fibers by Modeling and Advanced Characterization" Materials 13, no. 12: 2749. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13122749

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