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Conductive Electrospun Nanofiber Mats

1
Institute of Physics—Centre for Science and Education, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
2
Faculty of Engineering and Mathematics, Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences, 33619 Bielefeld, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(1), 152; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13010152
Received: 29 November 2019 / Revised: 23 December 2019 / Accepted: 30 December 2019 / Published: 31 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrospinning: Nanofabrication and Application)
Conductive nanofiber mats can be used in a broad variety of applications, such as electromagnetic shielding, sensors, multifunctional textile surfaces, organic photovoltaics, or biomedicine. While nanofibers or nanofiber from pure or blended polymers can in many cases unambiguously be prepared by electrospinning, creating conductive nanofibers is often more challenging. Integration of conductive nano-fillers often needs a calcination step to evaporate the non-conductive polymer matrix which is necessary for the electrospinning process, while conductive polymers have often relatively low molecular weights and are hard to dissolve in common solvents, both factors impeding spinning them solely and making a spinning agent necessary. On the other hand, conductive coatings may disturb the desired porous structure and possibly cause problems with biocompatibility or other necessary properties of the original nanofiber mats. Here we give an overview of the most recent developments in the growing field of conductive electrospun nanofiber mats, based on electrospinning blends of spinning agents with conductive polymers or nanoparticles, alternatively applying conductive coatings, and the possible applications of such conductive electrospun nanofiber mats. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrospinning; conductive nanofibers; conductive solution; conductive polymers; conductive coating electrospinning; conductive nanofibers; conductive solution; conductive polymers; conductive coating
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MDPI and ACS Style

Blachowicz, T.; Ehrmann, A. Conductive Electrospun Nanofiber Mats. Materials 2020, 13, 152.

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