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Materials 2019, 12(7), 1188; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12071188

Effect of Al Content in the Mg-Based Alloys on the Composition and Corrosion Resistance of Composite Hydroxide Films Formed by Steam Coating

1
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Engineering, Shibaura Institute of Technology, Tokyo 135-8548, Japan
2
Materials Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering and Science, Shibaura Institute of Technology, Tokyo 135-8548, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 March 2019 / Revised: 4 April 2019 / Accepted: 5 April 2019 / Published: 11 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Corrosion and Corrosion Protection for Light Metals/Alloys)
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Abstract

Mg alloys are expected to be used in fields of the transportation industry because of their lightweight property, however, they show low corrosion resistance. To improve the corrosion resistance, preparation of the protective film on Mg alloys is essential. In this study, composite hydroxide films were prepared on three types of Mg alloys with different aluminum contents—that is, AZ31, AZ61, and AZ91D—by steam coating to investigate the relationship between the Mg-Al layered double hydroxide (LDH) content in the film and the Al content in the Mg alloys. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation demonstrated that films were formed densely on all Mg alloy surfaces. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses revealed that all films prepared on AZ61 and AZ91D were composed of Mg(OH)2, AlOOH, and Mg-Al LDH, while the film containing Mg(OH)2 and Mg-Al LDH were formed only on AZ31. The Mg-Al LDH content in the film prepared on AZ61 was relatively higher than those prepared on AZ31 and AZ91D. The content of AlOOH in the film increased with an increase in the Al content in the Mg alloys. The film thickness changed depending on the treatment time and type of Mg alloy. Polarization curve measurements in 5 mass% NaCl solution demonstrated that the film prepared on the AZ61 showed complete passive behavior within the potential range of −1.0 to −0.64 V. In addition, immersion tests in 5 mass% NaCl aqueous solution for 480 h demonstrated that the film on the AZ61 had superior durability against 5 mass% NaCl aqueous solution. These results indicated that the film on the AZ61 had the most superior corrosion resistance among all samples. The results obtained in this study suggest that the LDH content in the film could be related to the corrosion resistance of the film. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnesium alloys; steam coating; composite hydroxide film; corrosion resistance magnesium alloys; steam coating; composite hydroxide film; corrosion resistance
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ishizaki, T.; Miyashita, T.; Inamura, M.; Nagashima, Y.; Serizawa, A. Effect of Al Content in the Mg-Based Alloys on the Composition and Corrosion Resistance of Composite Hydroxide Films Formed by Steam Coating. Materials 2019, 12, 1188.

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