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Materials 2019, 12(6), 854; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12060854

Mechanical Behaviors of Flax Fiber-Reinforced Composites at Different Strain Rates and Rate-Dependent Constitutive Model

1
Department of Aircraft Airworthiness Engineering, School of Transportation Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
2
Aircraft/Engine Integrated System Safety Beijing Key Laboratory, Beijing 100191, China
3
Beijing Key Laboratory of Rehabilitation Technical Aids for Old-Age Disability, Key Laboratory of Rehabilitation Technical Aids Analysis and Identification of the Ministry of Civil Affairs, National Research Center for Rehabilitation Technical Aids, Beijing 100176, China
4
Qinhuangdao Institute of National Research Center for Rehabilitation Technical Aids, Qinhuangdao 066000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 January 2019 / Revised: 4 March 2019 / Accepted: 11 March 2019 / Published: 13 March 2019
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Abstract

Flax fiber-reinforced composites (FFRCs) exhibit excellent environmentally friendly qualities, such as light weight, low cost, recyclability, and excellent mechanical properties. Understanding the dynamic mechanical behavior of FFRCs could broaden their potential applications in lightweight, crashworthy, and impact-critical structures. This study presents a study on the fabrication of FFRCs by vacuum-assisted resin infusion. The dynamic stress–strain responses of the fabricated specimens at strain rates ranging from 0.006 s 1 to 2200 s 1 were evaluated using quasi-static tests and the Split–Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB). The results indicated that the FFRC exhibited superior strain rate sensitivity. Final deformation photographs and scanning electron micrographs clearly revealed the damage evolution of the FFRC specimens, as well as various failure mechanisms, including fiber–matrix debonding, fiber pull-out, and fiber fracture at different strain rates. On the basis of the experimental results, a simplified Johnson–Cook model was established to describe the strain-rate dependent constitutive model of FFRC. The validation of the suggested constitutive model was embedded in the finite element simulations and could well repeat the strain wave observed from the experiment results. Finally, the quasi-static compression and drop-hammer impact of pyramidal lattice structures with FFRC cores were investigated both numerically and experimentally, proving the effectiveness of the simplified Johnson–Cook model. This study could potentially contribute to a deeper understanding of the dynamic mechanical behavior of FFRCs and provide fundamental experimental data for future engineering applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: flax fiber-reinforced composite; strain rate effect; Johnson–Cook model; lattice structure; failure mechanism flax fiber-reinforced composite; strain rate effect; Johnson–Cook model; lattice structure; failure mechanism
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Hu, D.; Dang, L.; Zhang, C.; Zhang, Z. Mechanical Behaviors of Flax Fiber-Reinforced Composites at Different Strain Rates and Rate-Dependent Constitutive Model. Materials 2019, 12, 854.

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