Numerical and Experimental Study on Melt Treatment for Large-Volume 7075 Alloy by a Modified Annular Electromagnetic Stirring
AbstractThis study presents a modified annular electromagnetic stirring (M-AEMS) melt treatment suitable for a large-volume and high-alloyed aluminum alloy. A 3D computational model coupling an electromagnetic model with a macroscopic heat and fluid-flow model was established by using Ansoft Maxwell 3D and Fluent from ANSYS workbench, and the effects of the electromagnetic shielding ring, the height of the magnet yoke, the shape of the iron core, and the internal cooling mandrel on the electromagnetic, thermal and flow fields were studied numerically. Based on the optimal technical parameters, the effectivity of the M-AEMS process by using 7075 alloy was validated experimentally. The results show that a favorable electromagnetic field distribution can be achieved by changing the magnet yoke height, the iron-core shape and the electromagnetic shielding ring, and the melt temperature of the 7075 alloy can drop rapidly to the pouring temperature by imposing the internal cooling mandrel; compared with ordinary annular electromagnetic stirring, the M-AEMS process creates a lower magnetic strength near the melt top, beneficial for stabilizing the melt surface; meanwhile, it yields a higher magnetic strength near the melt bottom, which increases the shear rate and ensures an optimal stirring effect. Therefore, M-AEMS works more efficiently because the thermal and composition fields become uniform in a shorter time, which reduces the average grain size and the composition segregation, and a more stable melt surface can be obtained during treatment, which reduces the number of air and oxide inclusions in the melt. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
He, M.; Zhang, Z.; Mao, W.; Li, B.; Bai, Y.; Xu, J. Numerical and Experimental Study on Melt Treatment for Large-Volume 7075 Alloy by a Modified Annular Electromagnetic Stirring. Materials 2019, 12, 820.
He M, Zhang Z, Mao W, Li B, Bai Y, Xu J. Numerical and Experimental Study on Melt Treatment for Large-Volume 7075 Alloy by a Modified Annular Electromagnetic Stirring. Materials. 2019; 12(5):820.Chicago/Turabian Style
He, Min; Zhang, Zhifeng; Mao, Weimin; Li, Bao; Bai, Yuelong; Xu, Jun. 2019. "Numerical and Experimental Study on Melt Treatment for Large-Volume 7075 Alloy by a Modified Annular Electromagnetic Stirring." Materials 12, no. 5: 820.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.