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Review

Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles—Current and Prospective Medical Applications

1
Chair of Medical Biochemistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 7 Kopernika St., 31-034 Kraków, Poland
2
Department of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University, 2 Gronostajowa St., 30-387 Kraków, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(4), 617; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12040617
Received: 1 January 2019 / Revised: 2 February 2019 / Accepted: 13 February 2019 / Published: 19 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Superparamagnetic Materials)
The recent, fast development of nanotechnology is reflected in the medical sciences. Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles (SPIONs) are an excellent example. Thanks to their superparamagnetic properties, SPIONs have found application in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and magnetic hyperthermia. Unlike bulk iron, SPIONs do not have remnant magnetization in the absence of the external magnetic field; therefore, a precise remote control over their action is possible. This makes them also useful as a component of the advanced drug delivery systems. Due to their easy synthesis, biocompatibility, multifunctionality, and possibility of further surface modification with various chemical agents, SPIONs could support many fields of medicine. SPIONs have also some disadvantages, such as their high uptake by macrophages. Nevertheless, based on the ongoing studies, they seem to be very promising in oncological therapy (especially in the brain, breast, prostate, and pancreatic tumors). The main goal of our paper is, therefore, to present the basic properties of SPIONs, to discuss their current role in medicine, and to review their applications in order to inspire future developments of new, improved SPION systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: SPION; MRI; hyperthermia; iron oxide; antibodies; toxicity SPION; MRI; hyperthermia; iron oxide; antibodies; toxicity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dulińska-Litewka, J.; Łazarczyk, A.; Hałubiec, P.; Szafrański, O.; Karnas, K.; Karewicz, A. Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles—Current and Prospective Medical Applications. Materials 2019, 12, 617. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12040617

AMA Style

Dulińska-Litewka J, Łazarczyk A, Hałubiec P, Szafrański O, Karnas K, Karewicz A. Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles—Current and Prospective Medical Applications. Materials. 2019; 12(4):617. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12040617

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dulińska-Litewka, Joanna, Agnieszka Łazarczyk, Przemysław Hałubiec, Oskar Szafrański, Karolina Karnas, and Anna Karewicz. 2019. "Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles—Current and Prospective Medical Applications" Materials 12, no. 4: 617. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12040617

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