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Open AccessArticle

Validation of Selected Non-Destructive Methods for Determining the Compressive Strength of Masonry Units Made of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete

Department of Building Structures, Silesian University of Technology; ul. Akademicka 5, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
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Materials 2019, 12(3), 389; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12030389
Received: 23 December 2018 / Revised: 19 January 2019 / Accepted: 21 January 2019 / Published: 26 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Non-destructive Testing of Materials in Civil Engineering)
Minor-destructive (MDT) and non-destructive (NDT) techniques are not commonly used for masonry as they are complex and difficult to perform. This paper describes validation of the following methods: semi-non-destructive, non-destructive, and ultrasonic technique for autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC). The subject of this study covers the compressive strength of AAC test elements with declared various density classes of: 400, 500, 600, and 700 (kg/m3), at various moisture levels. Empirical data including the shape and size of specimens, were established from tests on 494 cylindrical and cuboid specimens, and standard cube specimens 100 mm × 100 mm × 100 mm using the general relationship for ordinary concrete (Neville’s curve). The effect of moisture on AAC was taken into account while determining the strength fBw for 127 standard specimens tested at different levels of water content (w = 100%, 67%, 33%, 23%, and 10%). Defined empirical relations were suitable to correct the compressive strength of dry specimens. For 91 specimens 100 mm × 100 mm × 100 mm, the P-wave velocity cp was tested with the transmission method using the ultrasonic pulse velocity method with exponential transducers. The curve (fBwcp) for determining the compressive strength of AAC elements with any moisture level (fBw) was established. The developed methods turned out to be statistically significant and can be successfully applied during in-situ tests. Semi-non-destructive testing can be used independently, whereas the non-destructive technique can be only applied when the developed curve fbwcp is scaled. View Full-Text
Keywords: autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC); compressive strength; shape and size of specimen; moisture of AAC; ultrasonic testing autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC); compressive strength; shape and size of specimen; moisture of AAC; ultrasonic testing
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Jasiński, R.; Drobiec, Ł.; Mazur, W. Validation of Selected Non-Destructive Methods for Determining the Compressive Strength of Masonry Units Made of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete. Materials 2019, 12, 389.

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