6A01-T5 aluminum alloy and SUS301L-DLT austenitic stainless steel sheets were welded by a laser-cold metal transfer (CMT) hybrid welding-brazing method with ER5183 filler wire. We researched the weld forming, intermetallic compounds, and mechanical character, which are influenced by laser power, wire feeding speed, and welding speed. Well-formed joints with uniformly distributed interface layers were obtained under certain parameters. The spreading and wetting distance on the steel upper surface increased initially and then decreased as the laser power increased, and increased progressively as the wire feeding speed increased or welding speed decreased. There were both Fe2
in the interfacial intermetallic compounds (IMCs) layer. The thickness was controlled to within 2.0–6.9 µm. The thickness of the IMCs layer increased as the heat input increased; however, the increasing rate decreased gradually. The tensile strength of the joints was not only completely dependent on the thickness of the IMCs, but also on the spreading and wetting distance on the steel surface. The highest tensile strength could reach up to 188.7 MPa, which is about 77.1% of that of the base aluminum alloy. The tensile sample fracture occurred at the IMCs layer, and regional metallurgical bonding happened in the interface layer.
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