Ferroelectromagnetic composites based on (1−x
)PT (PMN-PT) powder and Ni-Zn ferrite powder were obtained and are described in this work. As a ferroelectric component, we used (1−x
)PT solid solution (with x
= 0.25, 0.28, 0.31, 0.34, 0.37, 0.40), synthesized using the sol-gel method. As a magnetic component, we used nickel-zinc ferrite, obtained using classic ceramic technology. The six compositions of PMN-PT used have rhombohedral symmetry, tetragonal one and mixture of these phases (morphotropic phase area), depending on x
. The final ceramic composite samples were obtained using the classic methods involving the calcination route and pressureless final sintering (densification). The properties of the obtained ceramic composite samples were investigated, including microstructure SEM (scanning electron microscope), dielectric properties, electromechanical properties, and DC (Direct Current) electrical conductivity. Results showed that the microstructures of the PP-F composite samples characterized by larger grains were better crystallized, compared with the microstructures of the PMN-PT ceramic samples. The magnetic properties do not depend on the ferroelectric component of the composite samples, while the insertion of ferrite into the PMN-PT compound reduces the values of remnant and spontaneous polarization, as well as the coercive field. The dielectric measurements also indicated that the magnetic subsystem influences the dielectric properties. The present results show that the PP-F ceramic composite has good dielectric, magnetic, and piezoelectric properties, which predisposes this type of material to specific applications in microelectronics and micromechatronics.
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