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Open AccessArticle

Hygrothermal Analysis of Laminated Composite Skew Conoids

Department of Civil Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Vaddeswaram 522502, India
Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Patna, Patna 800005, India
Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Lublin University of Technology, Str. Nadbystrzycka 40, 20-618 Lublin, Poland
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Bialystok University of Technology, Str. Wiejska 45A, 15-351 Bialystok, Poland
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(2), 225;
Received: 12 December 2018 / Revised: 4 January 2019 / Accepted: 7 January 2019 / Published: 10 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Behavior of Metallic and Composite Structures)
The present paper is the first study on the hygrothermal analysis (i.e., effect of temperature and moisture loadings) of laminated composite skew conoids with reasonable depth and thickness. In order to solve the hygrothermal problem of laminated composite skew conoids, the cubic variation in displacement field, along with cross curvature effects of the shell, were considered. In the present analysis, the shear correction factor is not needed due to the parabolic variation of transverse shear strain. The zero transverse shear stress conditions at the top and bottom of the shell were imposed in the mathematical model. The novelty of our model is reflected by the simultaneous addition of twist curvature in the strain field, as well as the curvature in the displacement field allowing the reasonably thick and deep laminated composite rhombic conoid. The conoid behavior differs from the usual shells, like cylindrical or spherical ones, due to its inherent twist curvature with the complex geometry and different location of maximum deflection. The finite element (FE) implementation of the present realistic mathematical model was carried out using a nine-noded curved isoparametric element with seven unknowns at each node. The C0 FE implementation of the present mathematical model was done and coded in FORTRAN. The present model results were compared and found in good agreement with other solutions published in the literature. Hygrothermal analysis was performed for skew conoids having a different skew angle, temperature, moisture concentration, curvatures, ply orientation, thickness ratio, and boundary conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: hygrothermal analysis; finite element method; shell; laminated hygrothermal analysis; finite element method; shell; laminated
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chaubey, A.; Kumar, A.; Fic, S.; Barnat-Hunek, D.; Sadowska-Buraczewska, B. Hygrothermal Analysis of Laminated Composite Skew Conoids. Materials 2019, 12, 225.

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