Next Article in Journal
The Rheology of PEOT/PBT Block Copolymers in the Melt State and in the Thermally-Induced Sol/Gel Transition Implications on the 3D-Printing Bio-Scaffold Process
Next Article in Special Issue
Scale Effects in Orthotropic Composite Assemblies as Micropolar Continua: A Comparison between Weak- and Strong-Form Finite Element Solutions
Previous Article in Journal
Biocompatibility Characteristics of Titanium Coated with Multi Walled Carbon Nanotubes—Hydroxyapatite Nanocomposites
Previous Article in Special Issue
Evolution of the Material Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of AA1100 Aluminum Alloy within a Complex Porthole Die during Extrusion
Open AccessArticle

Hygrothermal Analysis of Laminated Composite Skew Conoids

1
Department of Civil Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Vaddeswaram 522502, India
2
Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Patna, Patna 800005, India
3
Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Lublin University of Technology, Str. Nadbystrzycka 40, 20-618 Lublin, Poland
4
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Bialystok University of Technology, Str. Wiejska 45A, 15-351 Bialystok, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(2), 225; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12020225
Received: 12 December 2018 / Revised: 4 January 2019 / Accepted: 7 January 2019 / Published: 10 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Behavior of Metallic and Composite Structures)
The present paper is the first study on the hygrothermal analysis (i.e., effect of temperature and moisture loadings) of laminated composite skew conoids with reasonable depth and thickness. In order to solve the hygrothermal problem of laminated composite skew conoids, the cubic variation in displacement field, along with cross curvature effects of the shell, were considered. In the present analysis, the shear correction factor is not needed due to the parabolic variation of transverse shear strain. The zero transverse shear stress conditions at the top and bottom of the shell were imposed in the mathematical model. The novelty of our model is reflected by the simultaneous addition of twist curvature in the strain field, as well as the curvature in the displacement field allowing the reasonably thick and deep laminated composite rhombic conoid. The conoid behavior differs from the usual shells, like cylindrical or spherical ones, due to its inherent twist curvature with the complex geometry and different location of maximum deflection. The finite element (FE) implementation of the present realistic mathematical model was carried out using a nine-noded curved isoparametric element with seven unknowns at each node. The C0 FE implementation of the present mathematical model was done and coded in FORTRAN. The present model results were compared and found in good agreement with other solutions published in the literature. Hygrothermal analysis was performed for skew conoids having a different skew angle, temperature, moisture concentration, curvatures, ply orientation, thickness ratio, and boundary conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: hygrothermal analysis; finite element method; shell; laminated hygrothermal analysis; finite element method; shell; laminated
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Chaubey, A.; Kumar, A.; Fic, S.; Barnat-Hunek, D.; Sadowska-Buraczewska, B. Hygrothermal Analysis of Laminated Composite Skew Conoids. Materials 2019, 12, 225.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop