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Open AccessArticle

Performance Evaluation of Vegetable Oil-Based Nano-Cutting Fluids in Environmentally Friendly Machining of Inconel-800 Alloy

1
Key Laboratory of High Efficiency and Clean Mechanical Manufacture, Ministry of Education, School of Mechanical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250000, China
2
College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
3
National Demonstration Center for Experimental Mechanical Engineering Education, Shandong University, Jinan 250000, China
4
Mechanical and Production Engineering, Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology, Dhaka 1208, Bangladesh
5
Mechanical Design and Production Engineering Department, Cairo University, Giza 12163, Egypt
6
Department of Mechanical and Mining Engineering, University of Jaen, EPS de Jaen, Campus Las Lagunillas, 23071 Jaen, Spain
7
Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London, Exhibition Rd., SW7 2AZ London, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(17), 2792; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12172792
Received: 31 July 2019 / Revised: 27 August 2019 / Accepted: 27 August 2019 / Published: 30 August 2019
Recently, the application of nano-cutting fluids has gained much attention in the machining of nickel-based super alloys due their good lubricating/cooling properties including thermal conductivity, viscosity, and tribological characteristics. In this study, a set of turning experiments on new nickel-based alloy i.e., Inconel-800 alloy, was performed to explore the characteristics of different nano-cutting fluids (aluminum oxide (Al2O3), molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), and graphite) under minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) conditions. The performance of each nano-cutting fluid was deliberated in terms of machining characteristics such as surface roughness, cutting forces, and tool wear. Further, the data generated through experiments were statistically examined through Box Cox transformation, normal probability plots, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests. Then, an in-depth analysis of each process parameter was conducted through line plots and the results were compared with the existing literature. In the end, the composite desirability approach (CDA) was successfully implemented to determine the ideal machining parameters under different nano-cutting cooling conditions. The results demonstrate that the MoS2 and graphite-based nanofluids give promising results at high cutting speed values, but the overall performance of graphite-based nanofluids is better in terms of good lubrication and cooling properties. It is worth mentioning that the presence of small quantities of graphite in vegetable oil significantly improves the machining characteristics of Inconel-800 alloy as compared with the two other nanofluids. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmentally friendly; nano-cutting fluids; nickel-based alloys; turning; optimization environmentally friendly; nano-cutting fluids; nickel-based alloys; turning; optimization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gupta, M.K.; Jamil, M.; Wang, X.; Song, Q.; Liu, Z.; Mia, M.; Hegab, H.; Khan, A.M.; Collado, A.G.; Pruncu, C.I.; Imran, G.M.S. Performance Evaluation of Vegetable Oil-Based Nano-Cutting Fluids in Environmentally Friendly Machining of Inconel-800 Alloy. Materials 2019, 12, 2792. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12172792

AMA Style

Gupta MK, Jamil M, Wang X, Song Q, Liu Z, Mia M, Hegab H, Khan AM, Collado AG, Pruncu CI, Imran GMS. Performance Evaluation of Vegetable Oil-Based Nano-Cutting Fluids in Environmentally Friendly Machining of Inconel-800 Alloy. Materials. 2019; 12(17):2792. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12172792

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gupta, Munish K.; Jamil, Muhammad; Wang, Xiaojuan; Song, Qinghua; Liu, Zhanqiang; Mia, Mozammel; Hegab, Hussein; Khan, Aqib M.; Collado, Alberto G.; Pruncu, Catalin I.; Imran, G.M. S. 2019. "Performance Evaluation of Vegetable Oil-Based Nano-Cutting Fluids in Environmentally Friendly Machining of Inconel-800 Alloy" Materials 12, no. 17: 2792. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12172792

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