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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Loading on the Diffusivity of Chlorides in Mortar

ENCOMAT group, University of Vigo, EEI, Campus Universitario, 36310 Vigo, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(16), 2527;
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 1 August 2019 / Accepted: 7 August 2019 / Published: 8 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Construction and Building Materials)
PDF [1467 KB, uploaded 8 August 2019]


This study focuses on the effect generated by a compressive load, in the range 15%–60% of the ultimate load (Fu), in the chloride penetration rate of cement-based materials. The modifications produced in the microstructure influence the transport properties, and, thus, the validation of several interesting parameters, such as, the load value and the loading time, including both static and dynamic loading modes, was evaluated. This analysis was performed by impedance spectroscopy (IS), a non-destructive technique that allowed, after the appropriate modeling analysis, the assessment of the resistivity of the sample, a parameter that has been correlated to the diffusion coefficient in a previous investigation. The experimental arrangement was designed to allow the recording of the impedance spectra under the effect of a compressive load and, thus, the real-time monitoring of the chloride diffusivity was provided. An increase in the diffusion coefficient was verified for a load at 60%Fu whereas no variations were obtained for the load fixed at 30%. A relevant difference could be checked if the values were measured once the load was removed, showing the importance of the precise loading stage for the chloride diffusion study. View Full-Text
Keywords: chloride diffusion coefficient; impedance spectroscopy; electrical resistance; compressive load chloride diffusion coefficient; impedance spectroscopy; electrical resistance; compressive load

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Cabeza, M.; Díaz, B.; Nóvoa, X.R.; Pérez, C.; Pérez, M.C. The Effect of Loading on the Diffusivity of Chlorides in Mortar. Materials 2019, 12, 2527.

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