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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Calcium Carbonate Inhibitors Using Sintered Metal Filter in a Pressurized Dynamic System

1
Instituto de Química, Pólo de Xistoquímica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Cidade Universitária, Rio de Janeiro 219410-614, Brazil
2
Centro de Pesquisas e Desenvolvimento Leopoldo Américo Miguez de Mello, PETROBRAS, Cidade Universitária, Rio de Janeiro 21941-915, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(11), 1849; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12111849
Received: 8 May 2019 / Revised: 1 June 2019 / Accepted: 3 June 2019 / Published: 7 June 2019
Calcium carbonate scale is formed during oil and gas production. Tube-blocking tests (TBTs) are used to define the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) in order to prevent scale adhesion in the petroleum production system equipment. However, non-adhered crystals may favor heterogeneous nucleation to other deposits such as calcium naphthenates, causing a more severe scale problem, increasing production losses and treatment costs. The objective of the present work was to develop a new dynamic test methodology to determine the MIC for CaCO3 using a sintered metal filter. Organophosphorus inhibitors were selected for comparison with the conventional dynamic tube-blocking system. The results demonstrated that the use of the filter allowed an MIC of the inhibitors to be obtained considering the precipitation prevention. The inhibitor concentration in the conventional tube-blocking system does not prevent precipitation, acting only on adhesion and crystal growth on the capillary wall. Tests to evaluate the potential of calcium naphthenates formation in a naphthenate flow rig dynamic system demonstrated the influence of heterogeneous nucleation from non-adhered carbonate crystals, potentially aggravating deposition problems in oil and gas production systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: scale inhibitors; dynamic systems; calcium carbonate; adhesion; precipitation scale inhibitors; dynamic systems; calcium carbonate; adhesion; precipitation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Velloso Alves de Souza, A.; Rosário, F.; Cajaiba, J. Evaluation of Calcium Carbonate Inhibitors Using Sintered Metal Filter in a Pressurized Dynamic System. Materials 2019, 12, 1849.

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