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Open AccessArticle

Experimental and Numerical Assessment of Temperature Field and Analysis of Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Low Power Laser Annealed Welded Joints

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (ISM) Dhanbad, Dhanbad 826004, India
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, S R Engineering College, Warangal, Telangana 506371, India
3
Department of Manufacturing Engineering and Automation, Opole University of Technology, 45-271 Opole, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(9), 1514; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11091514
Received: 14 July 2018 / Revised: 11 August 2018 / Accepted: 21 August 2018 / Published: 23 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Manufacturing Processes and Systems)
In this present work, laser welding experiments were carried out on 1 mm thin Ti6Al4V sheets using a low power Nd-YAG laser machine without using any filler wire and without edge preparation of welding specimens. The influence of different major process control parameters such as welding speed and power on the yield parameters like temperature field, weld bead geometry, microstructure, and mechanical properties are critically investigated. Experimental results are compared in detail with the simulated results obtained using a commercial 3D finite element model. In the simulation model, temperature-dependent thermal and mechanical properties of plates were considered. The temperature readings were recorded with the aid of K type thermocouples. Forced convection has been assumed near weld zone region because of the movement of the shielding gas. Appreciable agreement is found between the experimental and the simulated temperature fields in most of the cases with few exceptions. These deviations on few occasions may be due to the presence of uncertainties inherently present in the experimental domain and uncertainties in the subsequent temperature sensing techniques by the thermocouples. In addition, annealing has been done at 950 °C, 980 °C, and 1010 °C for one selected parameter (192 W, 6 mm/s). The tensile strength of the samples annealed at 980 °C has been found to be 1048 MPa and it is 3% to 4% higher than that of the usual welded samples. View Full-Text
Keywords: laser welding; temperature field; heat affected zone; heat source; weld bead laser welding; temperature field; heat affected zone; heat source; weld bead
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kumar, U.; Gope, D.K.; Srivastava, J.P.; Chattopadhyaya, S.; Das, A.K.; Krolczyk, G. Experimental and Numerical Assessment of Temperature Field and Analysis of Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Low Power Laser Annealed Welded Joints. Materials 2018, 11, 1514.

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