Next Article in Journal
Composite Cationic Exchange Membranes Prepared from Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) and Boronic Acid Copolymers for Alkaline Diffusion Dialysis
Previous Article in Journal
Study on Upconversion and Thermal Properties of Tm3+/Yb3+ Co-Doped La2O3-Nb2O5-Ta2O5 Glasses
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Materials 2018, 11(8), 1353;

Combustion Behaviors of CIGS Thin-Film Solar Modules from Cone Calorimeter Tests

State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 June 2018 / Revised: 28 July 2018 / Accepted: 1 August 2018 / Published: 4 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Thin Films)
Full-Text   |   PDF [4178 KB, uploaded 4 August 2018]   |  


As is well known, building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) technology is becoming more commonly used in residential and commercial buildings. Fire assessment of photovoltaic (PV) modules as a whole is still insufficient. This work focuses on the thermal properties and combustion behavior of CIGS (copper, indium, gallium and selenium) thin-film modules. Cone calorimeter experiments were conducted at different external heat flux of 25, 30, 35, 40 and 45 kW m−2. Several parameters are discussed, including surface temperature, ignition time, heat release rate (HRR), mass loss rate, carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations. The results show that CIGS thin-film solar modules are inflammable at intermediate or high flashover risk. A correction calculation for the gas toxicity index has been used to reduce the well-ventilation condition effect. Compared with the uncorrected calculation, peak fractional effective dose (FED) and lethal concentration for 50% of the population (LC50) are almost double. This work will help to determine a more stringent fire safety provision for PV modules. View Full-Text
Keywords: photovoltaic fires; CIGS; flammability; fire hazard; cone calorimeter photovoltaic fires; CIGS; flammability; fire hazard; cone calorimeter

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yin, L.; Jiang, Y.; Qiu, R. Combustion Behaviors of CIGS Thin-Film Solar Modules from Cone Calorimeter Tests. Materials 2018, 11, 1353.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top