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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Spray-Drying of Electrode Materials for Lithium- and Sodium-Ion Batteries

GREENMAT, CESAM Research Unit, University of Liege, Chemistry Institute B6, Quartier Agora, Allée du 6 août, 13, B-4000 Liege, Belgium
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Materials 2018, 11(7), 1076; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11071076
Received: 31 May 2018 / Revised: 20 June 2018 / Accepted: 21 June 2018 / Published: 25 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Materials Science in Belgium 2017)
The performance of electrode materials in lithium-ion (Li-ion), sodium-ion (Na-ion) and related batteries depends not only on their chemical composition but also on their microstructure. The choice of a synthesis method is therefore of paramount importance. Amongst the wide variety of synthesis or shaping routes reported for an ever-increasing panel of compositions, spray-drying stands out as a versatile tool offering demonstrated potential for up-scaling to industrial quantities. In this review, we provide an overview of the rapidly increasing literature including both spray-drying of solutions and spray-drying of suspensions. We focus, in particular, on the chemical aspects of the formulation of the solution/suspension to be spray-dried. We also consider the post-processing of the spray-dried precursors and the resulting morphologies of granules. The review references more than 300 publications in tables where entries are listed based on final compound composition, starting materials, sources of carbon etc. View Full-Text
Keywords: spray-drying; batteries; lithium ion batteries; sodium ion batteries; electrode materials; solution synthesis; suspensions spray-drying; batteries; lithium ion batteries; sodium ion batteries; electrode materials; solution synthesis; suspensions
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Vertruyen, B.; Eshraghi, N.; Piffet, C.; Bodart, J.; Mahmoud, A.; Boschini, F. Spray-Drying of Electrode Materials for Lithium- and Sodium-Ion Batteries. Materials 2018, 11, 1076.

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