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Open AccessArticle

Porous Structure Properties of Andropogon gerardi Derived Carbon Materials

1
Department of Energy Saving and Air Protection, Central Mining Institute, Pl. Gwarków 1, 40-166 Katowice, Poland
2
Central Mining Institute, Pl. Gwarków 1, 40-166 Katowice, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(6), 876; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11060876
Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 14 May 2018 / Accepted: 22 May 2018 / Published: 24 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Advanced Biomass-Derived Carbon Materials)
Various carbonaceous materials are valuable resources for thermochemical conversion processes and for production of materials of proven sorption properties, useful in environmental applications for gaseous and liquid media treatment. In both cases, the parameters of the porous structure of carbon materials are decisive in terms of their physical and mechanical properties, having direct effects on heat and mass transport as well as on sorption capacity and selectivity. The physical activation of carbon materials produced from various precursors is widely discussed in literature. In this respect, the effects of temperature and partial oxidation of carbonaceous materials with steam or carbon dioxide are mostly considered. The reports on the effects of pressure on the development of porous structures of carbon materials are, however, extremely limited, especially when biomass as a precursor is concerned. In this paper, the results of an experimental study on the effects of pressure in the range of 1–4 MPa on the specific surface area, the total pore volume, average pore diameter, and microporosity of carbon materials prepared with the use of Andropogon gerardi biomass as a precursor are presented. The tested samples were prepared at the temperature of 1000 °C under an inert gas atmosphere in the high-pressure thermogravimetric analyzer. The most developed porous structure was reported for carbon materials produced under 3 MPa. The highest volume of narrow micropores was characteristic for materials carbonized under 2 MPa. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; char; porous structure; carbon material biomass; char; porous structure; carbon material
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Howaniec, N.; Smoliński, A. Porous Structure Properties of Andropogon gerardi Derived Carbon Materials. Materials 2018, 11, 876.

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