Next Article in Journal
Early Age Carbonation Heat and Products of Tricalcium Silicate Paste Subject to Carbon Dioxide Curing
Next Article in Special Issue
Graphene- and Carbon-Nanotube-Based Transparent Electrodes for Semitransparent Solar Cells
Previous Article in Journal
Synthesis and Thermoelectric Properties of Pd-Doped ZrCoBi Half-Heusler Compounds
Previous Article in Special Issue
Efficiency Improvement Using Molybdenum Disulphide Interlayers in Single-Wall Carbon Nanotube/Silicon Solar Cells
Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Perovskites-Based Solar Cells: A Review of Recent Progress, Materials and Processing Methods

Nanotechnology and MEMS Laboratory, Department of Mechanical, Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering (MIME), University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(5), 729;
Received: 19 March 2018 / Revised: 29 April 2018 / Accepted: 2 May 2018 / Published: 4 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Graphene/Carbon Nanotubes Application in Solar Cells)
With the rapid increase of efficiency up to 22.1% during the past few years, hybrid organic-inorganic metal halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have become a research “hot spot” for many solar cell researchers. The perovskite materials show various advantages such as long carrier diffusion lengths, widely-tunable band gap with great light absorption potential. The low-cost fabrication techniques together with the high efficiency makes PSCs comparable with Si-based solar cells. But the drawbacks such as device instability, J-V hysteresis and lead toxicity reduce the further improvement and the future commercialization of PSCs. This review begins with the discussion of crystal and electronic structures of perovskite based on recent research findings. An evolution of PSCs is also analyzed with a greater detail of each component, device structures, major device fabrication methods and the performance of PSCs acquired by each method. The following part of this review is the discussion of major barriers on the pathway for the commercialization of PSCs. The effects of crystal structure, fabrication temperature, moisture, oxygen and UV towards the stability of PSCs are discussed. The stability of other components in the PSCs are also discussed. The lead toxicity and updated research progress on lead replacement are reviewed to understand the sustainability issues of PSCs. The origin of J-V hysteresis is also briefly discussed. Finally, this review provides a roadmap on the current needs and future research directions to address the main issues of PSCs. View Full-Text
Keywords: perovskite; photovoltaics; thin film; fabrication; stability perovskite; photovoltaics; thin film; fabrication; stability
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Shi, Z.; Jayatissa, A.H. Perovskites-Based Solar Cells: A Review of Recent Progress, Materials and Processing Methods. Materials 2018, 11, 729.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop