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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Inoculant Alloy Selection and Particle Size on Efficiency of Isomorphic Inoculation of Ti-Al

Department of Metallurgy & Materials Science and Engineering, Institut Jean Lamour, Université de Lorraine, Campus ARTEM, Allée André Guinier, F-54011 Nancy, France
Laboratory of Excellence on Design of Alloy Metals for low-mAss Structures (DAMAS), Université de Lorraine, 57073 Metz, France
Université de Lorraine, CNRS, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, LEM3, F-57000 Metz, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(5), 666;
Received: 29 March 2018 / Revised: 19 April 2018 / Accepted: 24 April 2018 / Published: 25 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Design of Alloy Metals for Low-Mass Structures)
The process of isomorphic inoculation relies on precise selection of inoculant alloys for a given system. Three alloys, Ti-10Al-25Nb, Ti-25Al-10Ta, and Ti-47Ta (at %) were selected as potential isomorphic inoculants for a Ti-46Al alloy. The binary Ti-Ta alloy selected was found to be ineffective as an inoculant due to its large density difference with the melt, causing the particles to settle. Both ternary alloys were successfully implemented as isomorphic inoculants that decreased the equiaxed grain size and increased the equiaxed fraction in their ingots. The degree of grain refinement obtained was found to be dependent on the number of particles introduced to the melt. Also, more new grains were formed than particles added to the melt. The grains/particle efficiency varied from greater than one to nearly twenty as the size of the particle increased. This is attributed to the breaking up of particles into smaller particles by dissolution in the melt. For a given particle size, Ti-Al-Ta and Ti-Al-Nb particles were found to have a roughly similar grain/particle efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: titanium aluminides; grain refinement; solidification; inoculation titanium aluminides; grain refinement; solidification; inoculation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kennedy, J.R.; Rouat, B.; Daloz, D.; Bouzy, E.; Zollinger, J. Effect of Inoculant Alloy Selection and Particle Size on Efficiency of Isomorphic Inoculation of Ti-Al. Materials 2018, 11, 666.

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