Based on the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) mechanism, fluorescent DNA probes were prepared with a novel DNA hairpin template method, with SiO2
coated CdTe (CdTe/SiO2
) core/shell nanoparticles used as the fluorescence energy donors and gold (Au) nanoparticles (AuNPs) as the energy acceptors. The nanostructure and energy donor/acceptor ratio in a probe were controlled with this method. The relationship between the nanostructure of the probes and FRET efficiency (quenching efficiency) were investigated. The results indicated that when the donor/acceptor ratios were 2:1, 1:1, and 1:2; the corresponding FRET efficiencies were about 33.6%, 57.5%, and 74.2%, respectively. The detection results indicated that the fluorescent recovery efficiency of the detecting system was linear when the concentration of the target DNA was about 0.0446–2.230 nmol/L. Moreover, the probes showed good sensitivity and stability in different buffer conditions with a low detection limit of about 0.106 nmol/L.
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