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Materials 2018, 11(10), 1946; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11101946

Boosted Visible-Light Photodegradation of Methylene Blue by V and Co Co-Doped TiO2

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Yunnan Key Laboratory for Micro/nano Materials & Technology, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Received: 1 September 2018 / Revised: 2 October 2018 / Accepted: 8 October 2018 / Published: 11 October 2018
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Abstract

In this work, TiO2 photocatalysts, co-doped with transition metal ions vanadium (V) and cobalt (Co) ((V,Co)–TiO2), were synthesized by the sol–gel method. The synthesized photocatalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), nitrogen adsorption and desorption measurement, UV-Vis absorption and photoluminescence spectrum (PL) spectra. The results show that V and Co co-doping has significant effects on sample average crystalline grain size, absorption spectrum, recombination efficiency of photo-induced electron-hole pairs (EHPs), and photocatalytic degradation efficiency of methylene blue (MB). (V,Co)–TiO2 photocatalyst exhibits an obvious red shift of the absorption edge to 475 nm. Photocatalytic degradation rate of (V,Co)–TiO2 sample for MB in 60 min is 92.12% under a Xe lamp with a cut-off filter (λ > 400 nm), which is significantly higher than 56.55% of P25 under the same conditions. The first principles calculation results show that V and Co ions doping introduces several impurity energy levels, which can modulate the location of the valence band and conduction band. An obvious lattice distortion is produced in the meantime, resulting in the decrease in photo-generated EHP recombination. Thus, (V,Co)–TiO2 photocatalyst performance is significantly improved. View Full-Text
Keywords: V and Co co-doping; visible light response; photocatalytic performance; first-principles calculations V and Co co-doping; visible light response; photocatalytic performance; first-principles calculations
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Lv, T.; Zhao, J.; Chen, M.; Shen, K.; Zhang, D.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, G.; Liu, Q. Boosted Visible-Light Photodegradation of Methylene Blue by V and Co Co-Doped TiO2. Materials 2018, 11, 1946.

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