Cold roll forming, as a metal plastic forming process, is still mainly used in industrial production by the trial-and-error method, which wastes a lot of time and materials. In this paper, the C-channel steel is taken as the research object. First, the empirical equations of forming passes are verified and analyzed, then the cold roll forming model of C-channel steel is established, the forming quality of each pass and the stress-strain distribution of the whole sheet metal are analyzed, and the validity of the model is verified by experiments. The residual stresses of the web zone and flange of the finished product were measured. The results show that the empirical formulas are still not universal and the forming quality of the bite zone is poor. It needs to be adjusted by improving the distribution of deformation. The external surface of the C-channel steel is undertensile stress, while the internal surface is undercompressive stress, and the residual stresses of the flange are far greater than those of the web zone. The research provides a reference for the design of the bite zone and the number of forming passes.
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