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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Precipitate Evolution on Austenite Grain Growth in RAFM Steel

State Key Lab of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety, School of Materials Science & Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300350, China
Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Ship and Deep-Sea Exploration, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
Tianjin Special Equipment Inspection Institute, Tianjin 300192, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2017, 10(9), 1017;
Received: 27 July 2017 / Revised: 29 August 2017 / Accepted: 30 August 2017 / Published: 1 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energetic Materials and Processes)
To study the effects of various types of precipitates and precipitate evolution behavior on austenite (size and phase fraction) in reduced activation ferritic/martensitic (RAFM) steel, RAFM steel was heated to various austenitizing temperatures. The microstructures of specimens were observed using optical microscopy (OM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results indicate that the M23C6 and MX precipitates gradually coarsen and dissolve into the matrix as the austenitizing temperatures increase. The M23C6 precipitates dissolve completely at 1100 °C, while the MX precipitates dissolve completely at 1200 °C. The evolution of two types of precipitate has a significant effect on the size of austenite. Based on the Zener pinning model, the effect of precipitate evolution on austenite grain size is quantified. It was found that the coarsening and dissolution of M23C6 and MX precipitates leads to a decrease in pinning pressure on grain boundaries, facilitating the rapid growth of austenite grains. The austenite phase fraction is also affected by the coarsening and dissolution of precipitates. View Full-Text
Keywords: RAFM steel; austenite; precipitate; dissolution; coarsening RAFM steel; austenite; precipitate; dissolution; coarsening
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yan, B.; Liu, Y.; Wang, Z.; Liu, C.; Si, Y.; Li, H.; Yu, J. The Effect of Precipitate Evolution on Austenite Grain Growth in RAFM Steel. Materials 2017, 10, 1017.

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