Combination of Poly(lactic) Acid and Starch for Biodegradable Food Packaging
AbstractThe massive use of synthetic plastics, in particular in the food packaging area, has a great environmental impact, and alternative more ecologic materials are being required. Poly(lactic) acid (PLA) and starch have been extensively studied as potential replacements for non-degradable petrochemical polymers on the basis of their availability, adequate food contact properties and competitive cost. Nevertheless, both polymers exhibit some drawbacks for packaging uses and need to be adapted to the food packaging requirements. Starch, in particular, is very water sensitive and its film properties are heavily dependent on the moisture content, exhibiting relatively low mechanical resistance. PLA films are very brittle and offer low resistance to oxygen permeation. Their combination as blend or multilayer films could provide properties that are more adequate for packaging purposes on the basis of their complementary characteristics. The main characteristics of PLA and starch in terms of not only the barrier and mechanical properties of their films but also of their combinations, by using blending or multilayer strategies, have been analyzed, identifying components or processes that favor the polymer compatibility and the good performance of the combined materials. The properties of some blends/combinations have been discussed in comparison with those of pure polymer films. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Muller, J.; González-Martínez, C.; Chiralt, A. Combination of Poly(lactic) Acid and Starch for Biodegradable Food Packaging. Materials 2017, 10, 952.
Muller J, González-Martínez C, Chiralt A. Combination of Poly(lactic) Acid and Starch for Biodegradable Food Packaging. Materials. 2017; 10(8):952.Chicago/Turabian Style
Muller, Justine; González-Martínez, Chelo; Chiralt, Amparo. 2017. "Combination of Poly(lactic) Acid and Starch for Biodegradable Food Packaging." Materials 10, no. 8: 952.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.