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Open AccessArticle

Construction and Characterization of a Chitosan-Immobilized-Enzyme and β-Cyclodextrin-Included-Ferrocene-Based Electrochemical Biosensor for H2O2 Detection

by 1,†, 2,†, 1,*, 2, 2 and 1
1
School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
2
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work
Materials 2017, 10(8), 868; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10080868
Received: 3 July 2017 / Revised: 18 July 2017 / Accepted: 25 July 2017 / Published: 28 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Conjugated Polymers for Bioimaging and Biosensing)
An electrochemical detection biosensor was prepared with the chitosan-immobilized-enzyme (CTS-CAT) and β-cyclodextrin-included-ferrocene (β-CD-FE) complex for the determination of H2O2. Ferrocene (FE) was included in β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) to increase its stability. The structure of the β-CD-FE was characterized. The inclusion amount, inclusion rate, and electrochemical properties of inclusion complexes were determined to optimize the reaction conditions for the inclusion. CTS-CAT was prepared by a step-by-step immobilization method, which overcame the disadvantages of the conventional preparation methods. The immobilization conditions were optimized to obtain the desired enzyme activity. CTS-CAT/β-CD-FE composite electrodes were prepared by compositing the CTS-CAT with the β-CD-FE complex on a glassy carbon electrode and used for the electrochemical detection of H2O2. It was found that the CTS-CAT could produce a strong reduction peak current in response to H2O2 and the β-CD-FE could amplify the current signal. The peak current exhibited a linear relationship with the H2O2 concentration in the range of 1.0 × 10−7–6.0 × 10−3 mol/L. Our work provided a novel method for the construction of electrochemical biosensors with a fast response, good stability, high sensitivity, and a wide linear response range based on the composite of chitosan and cyclodextrin. View Full-Text
Keywords: chitosan; catalase; cyclodextrin; ferrocene; composite electrode; electrochemical sensor chitosan; catalase; cyclodextrin; ferrocene; composite electrode; electrochemical sensor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dong, W.; Wang, K.; Chen, Y.; Li, W.; Ye, Y.; Jin, S. Construction and Characterization of a Chitosan-Immobilized-Enzyme and β-Cyclodextrin-Included-Ferrocene-Based Electrochemical Biosensor for H2O2 Detection. Materials 2017, 10, 868. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10080868

AMA Style

Dong W, Wang K, Chen Y, Li W, Ye Y, Jin S. Construction and Characterization of a Chitosan-Immobilized-Enzyme and β-Cyclodextrin-Included-Ferrocene-Based Electrochemical Biosensor for H2O2 Detection. Materials. 2017; 10(8):868. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10080868

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dong, Wenbo; Wang, Kaiyin; Chen, Yu; Li, Weiping; Ye, Yanchun; Jin, Shaohua. 2017. "Construction and Characterization of a Chitosan-Immobilized-Enzyme and β-Cyclodextrin-Included-Ferrocene-Based Electrochemical Biosensor for H2O2 Detection" Materials 10, no. 8: 868. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10080868

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