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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Electrospun Ceramic Nanofiber Mats Today: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications

Department of Materials Engineering, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan 65178-38695, Iran
Faculty of Industrial Sciences & Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, Gambang 26300, Kuantan, Malaysia
Center for Nanofibers and Nanotechnology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, 2 Engineering Drive 3, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576, Singapore
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2017, 10(11), 1238;
Received: 14 September 2017 / Revised: 10 October 2017 / Accepted: 25 October 2017 / Published: 27 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrospun Materials 2018)
Ceramic nanofibers (NFs) have recently been developed for advanced applications due to their unique properties. In this article, we review developments in electrospun ceramic NFs with regard to their fabrication process, properties, and applications. We find that surface activity of electrospun ceramic NFs is improved by post pyrolysis, hydrothermal, and carbothermal processes. Also, when combined with another surface modification methods, electrospun ceramic NFs result in the advancement of properties and widening of the application domains. With the decrease in diameter and length of a fiber, many properties of fibrous materials are modified; characteristics of such ceramic NFs are different from their wide and long (bulk) counterparts. In this article, electrospun ceramic NFs are reviewed with an emphasis on their applications as catalysts, membranes, sensors, biomaterials, fuel cells, batteries, supercapacitors, energy harvesting systems, electric and magnetic parts, conductive wires, and wearable electronic textiles. Furthermore, properties of ceramic nanofibers, which enable the above applications, and techniques to characterize them are briefly outlined. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrospinning; nano fabrication; nano ceramic fibers; materials characterization; properties of ceramic materials electrospinning; nano fabrication; nano ceramic fibers; materials characterization; properties of ceramic materials
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MDPI and ACS Style

Esfahani, H.; Jose, R.; Ramakrishna, S. Electrospun Ceramic Nanofiber Mats Today: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications. Materials 2017, 10, 1238.

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