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Open AccessArticle

Full-Scale Fatigue Testing of a Wind Turbine Blade in Flapwise Direction and Examining the Effect of Crack Propagation on the Blade Performance

1
School of Engineering, Kingston University, London SW15 3DW, UK
2
Offshore Renewable Energy Catapult (ORE), Blyth NE24 1LZ, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2017, 10(10), 1152; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10101152
Received: 8 August 2017 / Revised: 22 September 2017 / Accepted: 29 September 2017 / Published: 3 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Composites for Wind Energy Applications)
In this paper, the sensitivity of the structural integrity of wind turbine blades to debonding of the shear web from the spar cap was investigated. In this regard, modal analysis, static and fatigue testing were performed on a 45.7 m blade for three states of the blade: (i) as received blade (ii) when a crack of 200 mm was introduced between the web and the spar cap and (iii) when the crack was extended to 1000 mm. Calibration pull-tests for all three states of the blade were performed to obtain the strain-bending moment relationship of the blade according to the estimated target bending moment (BM) which the blade is expected to experience in its service life. The resultant data was used to apply appropriate load in the fatigue tests. The blade natural frequencies in flapwise and edgewise directions over a range of frequency domain were found by modal testing for all three states of the blade. The blade first natural frequency for each state was used for the flapwise fatigue tests. These were performed in accordance with technical specification IEC TS 61400-23. The fatigue results showed that, for a 200 mm crack between the web and spar cap at 9 m from the blade root, the crack did not propagate at 50% of the target BM up to 62,110 cycles. However, when the load was increased to 70% of target BM, some damages were detected on the pressure side of the blade. When the 200 mm crack was extended to 1000 mm, the crack began to propagate when the applied load exceeded 100% of target BM and the blade experienced delaminations, adhesive joint failure, compression failure and sandwich core failure. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind turbine; wind blades; flapwise fatigue test; blade modal testing; glass fibre polymer composite wind turbine; wind blades; flapwise fatigue test; blade modal testing; glass fibre polymer composite
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MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Khudairi, O.; Hadavinia, H.; Little, C.; Gillmore, G.; Greaves, P.; Dyer, K. Full-Scale Fatigue Testing of a Wind Turbine Blade in Flapwise Direction and Examining the Effect of Crack Propagation on the Blade Performance. Materials 2017, 10, 1152.

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